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Add ActionListener to change TextArea

rockymagee
rockymagee asked
on
Medium Priority
2,028 Views
Last Modified: 2012-06-21
Here is my code so far:

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;        

public class TestModule {
      public static void main(String[] args) {
            new Window();         
      }
}
class Window extends JFrame {
      public Window() {
            super ("Thermostat");
            setSize(600, 500);
            setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
            setVisible(true);
            Container ca = getContentPane();
            ca.setBackground(Color.lightGray);
            GridBagLayout gblm = new GridBagLayout();
            GridBagConstraints gbc = new GridBagConstraints();
            gbc.fill = GridBagConstraints.HORIZONTAL;
            ca.setLayout(gblm);
            
            //DISPLAY TEMPERATURE      
            JTextArea tempView = new JTextArea("76", 25, 25);
            gbc.gridx = 0;
            gbc.gridy = 0;
            ca.add(tempView,gbc);
                        
            //WARMER      BUTTON
            JButton warmer = new JButton("Warmer");
            gbc.gridx = 0;
            gbc.gridy = 1;
            ca.add(warmer,gbc);
            //?????   warmer.addActionListener(this);    ?????            
            
            //COOLER BUTTON
            JButton cooler = new JButton("Cooler");
            gbc.gridx = 0;
            gbc.gridy = 2;
            ca.add(cooler,gbc);      
                //?????   cooler.addActionListener(this);    ?????      
            
            setContentPane(ca);      
      }
      public void warmerActionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
            //CHANGE TextArea up one degree      
      }
      
      public void coolerActionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
            //CHANGE TextArea down one degree      
      }
}                  

Can someone please help me understand the ActionListener event ... how I can add it to the button ... capture the content of the text area, add or subtract 1 to it then redisplay it.  Also, please feel free to comment on how I have this set up ... I am new to JAVA and just trying to get a grasp on this process of actions.

Thanks in advance,
Rocky
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CERTIFIED EXPERT
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
You need to add this method to your class

public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
      if ("Cooler".equals(e.getActionCommand()) ) {
            coolerActionPerformed(e);
      }
      else if ("Warmer".equals(e.getActionCommand()) ) {
            warmerActionPerformed(e);
      }
}

Author

Commented:
How to I reference the method from public Window()?

I added the recommended code .... and uncommented

warmer.addActionListener(this);
AND
cooler.addActionListener(this);

I get the following error:

addActionListener(java.awt.event.ActionListener) in javax.swing.AbstractButton cannot be applied to (Window)
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
extends JFrame implements ActionListener

Author

Commented:
Thanks, that works!

If I could ask on more thing:

This is my modification to your actionPerformed(...):

public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
     if ("Cooler".equals(e.getActionCommand()) ) {
       tempValue = tempView.getText();
       tempValue = (int) tempValue;
       tempValue  = tempValue + 1;
//
       tempView.setText(tempValue);      
     }
     else if ("Warmer".equals(e.getActionCommand()) ) {
       tempValue = tempView.getText();
       tempValue = (int) tempValue;
       tempValue  = tempValue + 1;
       tempView.setText(tempValue);
     }
}

Questions:  Can I read out the string from the TextArea, cast it to an int | add or subtract | recast as string and set the new value back into the text area .... ?

I really appreciate the help, you got me around a big curve with the ActionListener that I could not figure out !
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Top Expert 2016
Commented:
>>
Questions:  Can I read out the string from the TextArea, cast it to an int | add or subtract | recast as string and set the new value back into the text area .... ?
>>

Sure

//Let text area contain 100

tempView.setText("" + Integer.parseInt(tempView.getText()));

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Author

Commented:
Perfect Thanks !

Thanks for the quick responses ...

A++
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Top Expert 2016

Commented:
:-)
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