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create a class called "book" using c++ that has a private data of :

zackexpert
zackexpert asked
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Last Modified: 2010-04-01
Hi guys,

I need to create a class called "book" that has a private data of :

class book
{
char author[10];
char title[10];
float price;
char publisher[15];
int stock_position;
public :
book()
{
cout<<"enter name:- "cin>>author;
cout<<"enter title:- ";cin>>title;
.
.
.
..
.

 
author
  title
  price
  publisher,and
stock position,and the public fuction of "constructor" using file(in c++) that uses the new operator.and when the user need to search he will enter the title and author name then the system searchs and display if avialable if not it will display an appropriate message.


Please and  Thank you!
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Commented:
This sounds like home-work!

Please attempt assignment and ask questions pertaining to where you are having difficulty...
What's the question? We can help with your work, but we can't DO your work! What aspect are you having a problem with?
Commented:
I have one little critique of your posted code.  It's almost always preferable to use fixed point, not floating point, for money values.  With floating point, you end up with rounding errors that shouldn't be there.  For

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Some more issues:

>>>> char author[10];

use std::string if possible or at least increase the number of chars to reasonable value, say 32

>>>> char title[10];

Here you should have 128 chars cause some titles might get lengthy.

>>>> book()
>>>> {
>>>> cout<<"enter name:- "cin>>author;

Don't use user I/O in the constructor of a class. I/O should be made in the operative part of a program, i. e. in the main() function or in some operative class, e. g.

class BookShop()
{
      book currentBook;
      std::vector<book> allBooks;
public:
     
      bool addBook();
      // ... more to run a bookshop
};

Put the dialog to the addBook shop and add the new book to the collection of books already stored.

>>>> cout<<"enter name:- "cin>>author;

That is wrong syntax. Put any statement to a new line (for readability reasons)  and close it by a semicolon ;

   cout << "enter name: ";
   cin >> author;

Note, if 'author' isn't a (std) string type but a char[10] array your program writes beyond the array bounds if the user entered more than 9 chars ( + terminating zero char). That's why you should use a suitable big *buffer* if you have to use char arrays (and not std::string what is highly recommended).

   char input[256];   // don't be stingy
   char author[10];  // use the same size as in class book
   ...

   cout << "enter name: ";
   cin >> input;

   int inputlen = strlen(input);
   if (inputlen >= sizeof(author))
         inputlen = sizeof(author)-1;   // cut the input length (or give error message)
   strncpy(author, input, inputlen);   // now is safe
   author[inputlen] = '\0';  // set the terminating 0

   
After getting all attributes you should use a constructor of class book which takes all attributes in the argument list.

class book
{
     ...

public:
     ...
     book(const char a[], const char t[], /* and for all other data members */ );
 
};

Note, you can't simply assign the char array arguments if not using std::string for the members. You have to use strcpy instead.

Regards, Alex
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