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Concatenating a variable name with text in Unix shell scripting

Posted on 2006-11-03
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Last Modified: 2013-12-26
I have a variable named FILENAME1  whose value is yyyymmdd.csv
I want to extract the first 8 characters from the variable and then concatenate _m.csv to it
I'm new to unix shell scripting, but sure this can be done  
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Question by:VBStudent
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7 Comments
 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 17870302
I'm not sure which shell you are using, but
echo $FILENAME1 | perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"'
is one way
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 17870361
in some shells, such as bash or ksh, you could do
echo ${FILENAME1:0:8}_m.csv
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LVL 16

Expert Comment

by:manav_mathur
ID: 17870428
new_variable=`echo $FILENAME1 | sed 's/\./_m./'`
or
new_variable=`echo ${FILENAME1:0:8}_m.csv`
or
new_variable=`echo $FILENAME1 | perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"'`
 
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Author Comment

by:VBStudent
ID: 17883298
echo $FILENAME1 | perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"'
This syntax works well, however, how do I assign the output to the variable name FILENAME1?

I tried FILENAME1 = $FILENAME1|perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"' but it stripped the original filename and left me with _m.csv
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 17883687
You still didn't say which shell you are using
FILENAME1=`echo $FILENAME1|perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"'`
would work in some shells
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Author Comment

by:VBStudent
ID: 17883936
I'm using ksh shell
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LVL 84

Accepted Solution

by:
ozo earned 250 total points
ID: 17884096
FILENAME1=`echo $FILENAME1|perl -pe 'substr($_,8)="_m.csv"'`
or
FILENAME1=${FILENAME1:0:8}_m.csv
should work in ksh
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