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Letter Frequency Histogram

Posted on 2006-11-05
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Last Modified: 2012-05-05
Hi , Does any one know of an example or tutorial of how to print a letter frequency histogram using a string phrase or word? Where only the letters used in the string would on the vertical axis and each letter's frequency would be represented by a certain character?
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Question by:wkellya
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 17878583
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Author Comment

by:wkellya
ID: 17879981
Thanks, but I need something like

string= Deed

    1 2 3 4 5
d|**
e|**

1)How do I hide the letters not in the string a-z?
2)can this be done in a function that accepts string as a parameter?
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LVL 24

Expert Comment

by:fridom
ID: 17880614
Well that's not too difficult if you spend some time thinking about it. You better uses some array then while displaying the result you check the content of this array. In C this might look like:

enum {MAX_ALPHABET_NUM=26};
char alphabet[MAX_ALPHABET_NUM] = {0};

for (int i = 0; i < MAX_ALPHABET_NUM; i++) {
   if (alphabet[i] > 0)
      // print the line
....

So with that both question are mostly answered.

Regards
Friedrich
0
 

Author Comment

by:wkellya
ID: 17881495
say I have a string
char string[80];

can i print it like

printf("%13s%13s%13s%13s%13s\n","10","20","30","40","50");
      for(int k=0;k<80;k++){
            printf("%7c%13c%      ",k,string[k]);

            for (int l=1; l<=string[i];l++){
                  printf("%c",'*');
            }
            printf("\n");
      }

but count each letter?
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LVL 24

Accepted Solution

by:
fridom earned 250 total points
ID: 17882304
You have not assigned string any value, and you do not have any array to hole the counter for the number of characters.

So let's assume string[80] = "foobarbaz";
and you have int alphabet[26] = {0};
alphabet[0] contains the counters for the 'a's.

then you can fill the array this way (not tested just written from memory)

size_t str_len = strlen(string);

for (int i = 0; i < str_len; i++) {
   char ch = string[i];
   alphabet[tolower(ch) - 'a']++;
}

Then after going through string you have the numbers collected in alphabet

You then can print it as you like
ch = 'a';
for (int i = 0; i < 26 ; i++){
    printf("%c occurs %d times\n", ch, alphabet[i]);
    ch++;
}


Regards
Friedrich


 
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