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How to rename directories under another user...

I just installed SUse 10.0  and am learning to use it.  i'm a noob.

so, under root, in the GUI interface, I think i can rename directories... like i went into my public_html directory, and could create new one, and rename it....

but when logging in as a user... i don't have access to do that.  why not?  how do i set it up?  why's it not setup by default that way? (yeah sounds wierd, but for a pc that sits at home and is used by only me and my wife.... i wouldn't want to fiddle with settings that mundane)
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alenknight
Asked:
alenknight
1 Solution
 
sunnycoderCommented:
Hi alenknight,

> but when logging in as a user... i don't have access to do that.  why not?  how do
> i set it up?  why's it not setup by default that way?
Files and directories in Linux have three sets of permissions -
1. For the owner
2. For the owner's group (of users)
3. For everyone else

Only exception is root user who can access everything ... Root account is normally used only for system configuration kind of tasks and typically system files can be modified only by root ... Also permissions are set up in such a way that file created by or present in root's directories are accessible only to root ... This is by design to keep the information of each user safe from other users and to protect the system configuration from accidental/malacious alteration by a new/rougue user.

highly recommended that you use a normal user account for normal use and "su" to superuser account whenever you need superuser permissions ...
man su for more details on su

Further reading
http://www.zzee.com/solutions/linux-permissions.shtml
http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/usersguide/linux_ugfilesp.html
http://www.ahinc.com/linux101/permission.htm

Cheers!
sunnycoder
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