Select Printer Programmatically Problem

Posted on 2006-11-10
Last Modified: 2013-11-20

I would like to programtically change the printer i print to.  The way i was going to do this was simple by changing the default printer for the application before calling the print operation.  Eventually i want to allow my users to do this through automation but i am just testing it out now.  After reading stuff on the internet and here i decided that this was the best implementation.

the code for it is below.  I Get a problem at this point towards the bottom;
"// set the new hDevMode and hDevNames
    *phDevMode = hDevMode;
    *phDevNames = hDevNames;
    return TRUE;
The error message returned is "Unhandled exception at 0x0040f714 in MyApp.exe: 0xC0000005: Access violation writing location 0x0040515c."

I have no idea why it is doing this please help.

BOOL MyApp::ChangePrinter()
      BOOL ret = TRUE;
      LPTSTR str = _T("Acrobat Distiller");
      ret = GetPrinterDevice(str,&m_hDevNames,&m_hDevMode);

BOOL MyApp::GetPrinterDevice(LPTSTR pszPrinterName, HGLOBAL* phDevNames, HGLOBAL* phDevMode)
    // if NULL is passed, then assume we are setting app object's
    // devmode and devnames
    if (phDevMode == NULL || phDevNames == NULL)
        return FALSE;

    // Open printer
    HANDLE hPrinter;
    if (OpenPrinter(pszPrinterName, &hPrinter, NULL) == FALSE)
        return FALSE;

    // obtain PRINTER_INFO_2 structure and close printer
    DWORD dwBytesReturned, dwBytesNeeded;
    GetPrinter(hPrinter, 2, NULL, 0, &dwBytesNeeded);
    PRINTER_INFO_2* p2 = (PRINTER_INFO_2*)GlobalAlloc(GPTR,
    if (GetPrinter(hPrinter, 2, (LPBYTE)p2, dwBytesNeeded,
       &dwBytesReturned) == 0) {
       return FALSE;

    // Allocate a global handle for DEVMODE
    HGLOBAL  hDevMode = GlobalAlloc(GHND, sizeof(*p2->pDevMode) +
    DEVMODE* pDevMode = (DEVMODE*)GlobalLock(hDevMode);

    // copy DEVMODE data from PRINTER_INFO_2::pDevMode
    memcpy(pDevMode, p2->pDevMode, sizeof(*p2->pDevMode) +

    // Compute size of DEVNAMES structure from PRINTER_INFO_2's data
    DWORD drvNameLen = lstrlen(p2->pDriverName)+1;  // driver name
    DWORD ptrNameLen = lstrlen(p2->pPrinterName)+1; // printer name
    DWORD porNameLen = lstrlen(p2->pPortName)+1;    // port name

    // Allocate a global handle big enough to hold DEVNAMES.
    HGLOBAL hDevNames = GlobalAlloc(GHND,
        sizeof(DEVNAMES) +
        (drvNameLen + ptrNameLen + porNameLen)*sizeof(TCHAR));
    DEVNAMES* pDevNames = (DEVNAMES*)GlobalLock(hDevNames);

    // Copy the DEVNAMES information from PRINTER_INFO_2
    // tcOffset = TCHAR Offset into structure
    int tcOffset = sizeof(DEVNAMES)/sizeof(TCHAR);
    ASSERT(sizeof(DEVNAMES) == tcOffset*sizeof(TCHAR));

    pDevNames->wDriverOffset = tcOffset;
    memcpy((LPTSTR)pDevNames + tcOffset, p2->pDriverName,
    tcOffset += drvNameLen;

    pDevNames->wDeviceOffset = tcOffset;
    memcpy((LPTSTR)pDevNames + tcOffset, p2->pPrinterName,
    tcOffset += ptrNameLen;

    pDevNames->wOutputOffset = tcOffset;
    memcpy((LPTSTR)pDevNames + tcOffset, p2->pPortName,
    pDevNames->wDefault = 0;

    GlobalFree(p2);   // free PRINTER_INFO_2

    // set the new hDevMode and hDevNames
   //problem happens on these next two lines of code
    *phDevMode = hDevMode;
    *phDevNames = hDevNames;
    return TRUE;
Question by:wdhough
  • 3
  • 2
LVL 22

Accepted Solution

mahesh1402 earned 500 total points
ID: 17916053
How you are passing parameters to  GetPrinterDevice() function ?

It should be like :

 HANDLE m_hDevMode;
 HANDLE m_hDevNames;

GetPrinterDevice(_T("HP LaserJet III"), &m_hDevNames, &m_hDevMode);


Correct usage is shown on following KB article. follow this :

How to modify the "default" printer for your Microsoft Foundation Classes (MFC) application to be other than the actual system-defined default printer : <=====================

LVL 49

Expert Comment

ID: 17918833
The most likely reason for that error is that, during the preceding code, the on-stack values of one or more of the pointer variables has been inadvertantly modified.  To test that, place a breakpoint on the first line of the GetPrinterDevice function.  At that point, examine and write down that values of the two pointer variables.  Single-step the function and see where the values get overwritten.  It's probably during one of the memcpy calls.

-- Dan
LVL 22

Expert Comment

ID: 17925104
 So how you solved your problem ? above kb article helped you ??

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Author Comment

ID: 17928609
Yeah the above article solved it, i was using that approach all along i just couldnt get it to work and its because i was passing the wrong HANDLE objects.

Hope this helps

LVL 22

Expert Comment

ID: 17928874
well then if it solved with above then why grade 'B' for ?

Author Comment

ID: 17928929
sorry i am new to the site, the code supplied didnt completely solve the problem but rather showed me the error so i had to find some other HANLDE objects in my application and pass them.  Anyway b said "Very good" i think which i though your answer was.  does a b grade mean something else then?

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