replace text in CSV file through VBS to import into access

Posted on 2006-11-12
Last Modified: 2012-06-27

I have written a VBS file to Find " in my csv file. I need to get rid of all the " as I don't need them and it's hurting the quotes being used as a text qualifier when importing the file into access as a table (unparseable record) I think i'm missing something in the code because I keep getting an error.

First here is the code

Dim myXL
         Set myXL = CreateObject("excel.application")

         myXL.workbooks.Open "g:\Subgroup\Access Data\lbx\RAW DATA\oSPEC\tbl_atl_ospec.csv"

         myxl.displayalerts = false
         myXL.activeworkbook.Cells.Replace What:="""",
     Replacement:="", LookAt:=xlPart
     SearchOrder:=xlByRows, MatchCase:=False, SearchFormat:=False, ReplaceFormat:=False
         myxl.displayalerts = true    

         myXL.activeworkbook.Close False
         Set myXL = Nothing
The error is "expected Statment"
Code: 800a0400
Source: Microsoft VBScript Compiliation Error
It specifically references this line and "what:=""",

myXL.activeworkbook.Cells.Replace What:="""",

Can someone look over my code in its entirety and help me make sure that I'm doing this right

I am trying to remove all " in the file.


Question by:cstraim
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LVL 44

Expert Comment

ID: 17926235
Try using 3 double quotes instead of four.
LVL 57
ID: 17926237

        myXL.activeworkbook.Cells.Replace What:='""',

(single quotes on the outside).

The problem your having is that you need to supply the quote character within a string argument in code.

LVL 44

Expert Comment

ID: 17926825
cstraim:  confirm you are trying to get rid of single doublequotes in you csv file - or all of them?
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LVL 57
ID: 17926881
<<cstraim:  confirm you are trying to get rid of single doublequotes in you csv file - or all of them?>>

  I wasn't sure of that either.

  Is it all " (quote) or all "" (quote, quote) that is attempting to be removed.

LVL 58

Expert Comment

ID: 17926932
Hello cstraim

This is not quite obvious from your post, but it seems you are missing the "line continuation characters". In VB an VBS, you cannot use a new line anywhere, as you could in most other programming languages. To indicate that the logical line continues on the next physical line, you need to end it with a space and a single underscore, for example like this:

         myXL.activeworkbook.Cells.Replace _
             What:="""", _

Note that the remaining parameters are not needed in your case: you can use their default values.

Second problem: the activeworkbook does not have a Cells collection, only sheets do. You would neet do specify on which sheet you want to work:

        myXL.activesheet.Cells.Replace ' etc...

Third, VB, unlike VBA, does not work with object libraries, and hence cannot use named arguments (e.g. What:=). You need to specify the needed arguments in the correct order, without names.

Finally, you close without saving, so that your changes are lost.

As a side note, it woul probably be better to replace double quotes by double single quotes, because they probably have a meaning: " --> ''


    Dim myXL
    Set myXL = CreateObject("excel.application")
    myXL.workbooks.Open "g:\Subgroup\Access Data\lbx\RAW DATA\oSPEC\tbl_atl_ospec.csv"
    myXL.activeworkbook.Sheets("Sheet1").Cells.Replace """", "''"
    myXL.activeworkbook.Close true

[use ...Replace """", ""    to delete all double quotes, as in your sample]

Good luck!

LVL 26

Accepted Solution

jerryb30 earned 250 total points
ID: 17927475
Not a VB solution, but replacing simple strings in a text document is probably more efficient with a utility,.
I prefer gsar.exe. (Global Search and Replace)
gsar -s:x22 -r yourfile.csv yourfile.txt creates a text document without "", while preserving original files.

Expert Comment

ID: 17928555
Interesting approach. Though, I would do it a little differently. Usually CSV files are simple text files.
If you have to use VBS you can do something like this, e.g.

Dim objFSO
Dim fsoFile
Dim strTemp

Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set fsoFile = objFSO.OpenTextFile("your textfile", 1) ' the "1" is the flag for reading
strTemp = fsoFile.ReadAll
Set fsoFile = objFSO.OpenTextFile("your textfile", 2)  ' the "2" is the flag for writing

fsoFile.Write Replace(strTemp, """", "") ' This does the replacement of the quotes and puts it back to the file.

If you reference Windows Script Host to your Access application, you can do this in one go, by putting the code right before your import routine. If you're sure, that the delimiter is always set correctly, you can import the textfile via FSO line-by-line directly using the Split-function to put every line into an array, and then put it to the database.

LVL 44

Expert Comment

ID: 17931471
cstraim:  Want to clarify a few things?

Author Comment

ID: 17934783
WOW..thanks all..Im sorry i didnt post sooner.  I was in meetings and working on a high profile project that took all of my time.  I will be looking at this tomorrow.  Thanks for all of your posts.  I really REALLY appreciate it :)

Author Comment

ID: 17948882
Thanks again to everyone.  my original question was answered by the simple search and replace tool that can be called using a batch file.  unfortunately many of you were totally right in the fact that I was trying to fix the unparseable record error in Access.    I have no idea how to do that programmatically..Ill have to open a new question.

I'm sorry i took so long to respond. I had to put this piece of my project on hold, because of some immediate fires that needed to be put out

Thanks again!!!
LVL 26

Expert Comment

ID: 17949053
Hmm.  As I stated, I did not provide a VB solution.  The others did (although feedback on success or failure of method was not forthcoming.
Can you give a logic for your accept?
LVL 26

Expert Comment

ID: 17949072
I did not refresh, so I did not see your post just above.

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