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# How to calculator to scale for limiting the image size!

Posted on 2006-11-13
Medium Priority
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Hi Experts,
I need to limit the size of the out put animated GIF file <=100 Kb,
So, when the output GIF image size > 100 Kb I need to scale this to make the size reduce to about 100Kb,

But I don't know how to calculator for ratios for scaling (width and height for scaling).

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Question by:CongUan
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LVL 14

Expert Comment

ID: 17937302
If the image is larger than 100kb, read it in using the ImageIO class. The call getScaledInstance on the BufferedImage received from calling the read method on ImageIO. Calculate the scaling factor using the code below;

int width = image.getWidth();
int height = image.getHeight();

int desiredWidth = (int) (width / ((double) file.length() / 1024) * DESIRED_FILE_SIZE_IN_KB);
int desiredHeight = (int) (height / ((double) file.length() / 1024) * DESIRED_FILE_SIZE_IN_KB);

Only one problem remains; there is no GIF encoder available in the JDK or the JRE. You have to either save as a different file format (I recommend PNG), or you have to license a GIF encoder.
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LVL 14

Accepted Solution

Tommy Braas earned 2000 total points
ID: 17937347
Hmm, just realised that you asked for how to reduce the size of an ANIMATED GIF... AFAIK the individual images that make up a GIF animation are basically listed after each other in the file. You should be able to read and render each individual frame/image and scale them individually, then reassemble them for output. You will still have to solve the problem with a GIF encoder.
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LVL 6

Expert Comment

ID: 17944467
orangehead911, your calculation will result in the scaling being squared.

I.E. if he has a

500x500 file and the size is 200 kb:

Your code will make it 250x250, and thus 1/4 the size, and about 50 kb.
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LVL 14

Expert Comment

ID: 17952781
Indeed, common mistake in recalculating square entities.
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