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Reset collation

Posted on 2006-11-23
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Last Modified: 2008-01-09
How can I programmatically (using TSQL) remove the collation sequence from all fields in a database, so that each field has collation sequence "database default" ?

At the moment most fields have a hard coded collation sequence which is different from the database default, and any fields added by the programs will default to the database default, so there's a collation mismatch on each where clause/join etc. I want to get them the same.

sql 2000

thanks
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Question by:plq
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RichardCorrie earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
try:

declare
      @bolHasIdentity bit,
      @strIdentityColumn sysname,
      @strColName sysname,
      @strDataType varchar(50),
      @strPRECISION varchar(50),
      @intNullable smallint,
      @bolFirst bit,
      @strTable sysname,
      @strcollateSeq varchar(50)


set @strcollateSeq = 'SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS' -- or whatever collation seq you want to use
set @strTable = 'bills' -- the name of your table

create table #tmpField
(
TABLE_QUALIFIER sysname, -- Table or view qualifier name. This field can be NULL.
TABLE_OWNER sysname, -- Table or view owner name. This field always returns a value.
TABLE_NAME sysname, -- Table or view name. This field always returns a value.
COLUMN_NAME sysname, -- Column name, for each column of the TABLE_NAME returned. This field always returns a value.
DATA_TYPE smallint, -- Integer code for ODBC data type. If this is a data type that cannot be mapped to an ODBC type, it is NULL. The native data type name is returned in the TYPE_NAME column.
[TYPE_NAME] varchar(50), -- String representing a data type. The underlying DBMS presents this data type name.
[PRECISION] int, -- Number of significant digits. The return value for the PRECISION column is in base 10.
LENGTH int, -- Transfer size of the data.1
SCALE smallint, -- Number of digits to the right of the decimal point.
RADIX smallint, -- Base for numeric datatypes.
NULLABLE smallint, -- Specifies nullability. 1 = NULL is possible. 0 = NOT NULL.
 
REMARKS varchar(254), -- This field always returns NULL.
COLUMN_DEF nvarchar(4000), -- Default value of the column.
SQL_DATA_TYPE smallint, -- Value of the SQL data type as it appears in the TYPE field of the descriptor. This column is the same as the DATA_TYPE column, except for the datetime and SQL-92 interval data types. This column always returns a value.
SQL_DATETIME_SUB smallint, -- Subtype code for datetime and SQL-92 interval data types. For other data types, this column returns NULL.
CHAR_OCTET_LENGTH int, -- Maximum length in bytes of a character or integer data type column. For all other data types, this column returns NULL.
ORDINAL_POSITION int, -- Ordinal position of the column in the table. The first column in the table is 1. This column always returns a value.
IS_NULLABLE varchar(254), -- Nullability of the column in the table.
--                  ISO rules are followed to determine nullability.
--                  An ISO SQL-compliant DBMS cannot return an empty string.
--                  YES = Column can include NULLS.
--                  NO = Column cannot include NULLS.
--                  This column returns a zero-length string if nullability is unknown.
--                  The value returned for this column is different from the value returned for the NULLABLE column.
SS_DATA_TYPE tinyint -- SQL Server data type, used by extended stored procedures. For more information, see Data Types.  
)
insert into #tmpField exec sp_columns @table_name = @strTable

declare crsField cursor for
      select
            F.Column_Name,
            F.[Type_Name],
            ' (' + ltrim(str(F.[PRECISION])) + ')' Precisionx,
            F.Nullable
      from
            #tmpField F
      where
            charindex('char', F.[TYPE_NAME]) > 0
      order by
            Ordinal_Position

open crsField
set @bolFirst = 1

fetch next from crsField into
            @strColName,
            @strDataType,
            @strPRECISION,
            @intNullable
while @@Fetch_status = 0
begin
-- you could change the print command to exec
      print ('alter table ' + @strTable + ' Alter column ' + @strcolName + ' ' + @strDataType + @strprecision
        + ' COLLATE ' + @strCollateSEq + ' ' + case when @intNullable = 1 then ' Null ' else ' Not Null' end)

      fetch next from crsField into
                  @strColName,
                  @strDataType,
                  @strPRECISION,
                  @intNullable
end
close crsField
deallocate crsField
go
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by:plq
Comment Utility
This is excellent. Just one more minor issue ...

Any idea how to set to <database default> instead of a specific collation ?

     print ('alter table ' + @strTable + ' Alter column ' + @strcolName + ' ' + @strDataType + @strprecision
       + ' COLLATE ' + ????????????????????????? + ' ' + case when @intNullable = 1 then ' Null ' else ' Not Null' end)

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Expert Comment

by:RichardCorrie
Comment Utility
try changing it to:

 set @strcollateSeq = 'database_default'   -- or whatever collation seq you want to use

/Richard
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LVL 8

Author Comment

by:plq
Comment Utility
Excellent

Thanks for helping
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