Solved

how to proporly setup exchange server with domain name registrar and mx tables

Posted on 2006-11-30
9
472 Views
Last Modified: 2010-03-06
Hi there,
                I am planning on building a windows 2003 standard edition server and will load windows 2003 exchange server standard edition.  My domain name is registered and my ISP modem has a static ip.  So my first question is when i build windows and i setup active directory it asks you the fully qualified domain name of the domain to be, so do i put in the name of the dome that i registered or can i put say domainname.local.  I don't plan on hosting the website from server just email.  Second Question.  Once i setup windows and i install exchange do i have to enter in any tables on the server to accept mail from the domain name registrar.  So for example if someone from the outside world sends an email to say bob@domain.com it will go to my registered domain name hit the mx tables the shoot over to my server.  Third Question for the mx tables on the domain name registrar do i just put in the ip of my modem and the name of my exchage server.  
Forth Question.   Should exchange be put on a separate server like a bdc or can you run it off the pdc.  Lastly should i open ports 25 and 110 on my router or are they open by default
0
Comment
Question by:snipa911
  • 5
  • 4
9 Comments
 
LVL 104

Accepted Solution

by:
Sembee earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
The Windows domain name has nothing to do with Exchange. You can put anything you like in there. Once you have Exchange installed you then add your internet domain name to the recipient policy. The choice of domain names gets a bit religious in the IT world - some people say to use .local, some say that you can use your public domain name. Even Microsoft cannot decide which is best.
However if you decide to use a public domain name, make sure that it is one that you own.

MX records cannot be an IP address, so you would have to setup a host first, then the use that in your MX records.
http://www.amset.info/exchange/dnsconfig.asp

I would be surprised if your router had port 25 already open - you will need to do that yourself.

Simon.
0
 

Author Comment

by:snipa911
Comment Utility
Hi Simon thanks for that insight but can you explain how the host name works.  Is the name say mail.domainname.com suppose to refer to my server like im suppose to name it mail?
0
 
LVL 104

Expert Comment

by:Sembee
Comment Utility
A host name on the internet can be anything in your domain. It does not have to match the server's real name.
For example your server called be called server1, but the host name used in the MX records is mail.domain.com.
I actually recommend that you do not use the server's real name, even if your internal Windows domain matches your internet domain name. Use a generic name like mail and then you can move the DNS pointer around.

Simon.
0
 

Author Comment

by:snipa911
Comment Utility
if your network only has say 50 users and plans to go up to a max of 150 but not for a while is it ok to run exchange off your pdc?
0
IT, Stop Being Called Into Every Meeting

Highfive is so simple that setting up every meeting room takes just minutes and every employee will be able to start or join a call from any room with ease. Never be called into a meeting just to get it started again. This is how video conferencing should work!

 
LVL 104

Expert Comment

by:Sembee
Comment Utility
I don't run Exchange off a domain controller period.
Even my home system is on a dedicated machine, which contains just three mailboxes.

50 users is well in to the territory of recommending a dedicated server. 150 definitely so.
Look at SBS - which puts everything on to a single server. The maximum users you can have on that is 75, but anyone who supports SBS will tell you that they start suggesting to clients to move off a single server at anything from 30 users upwards. Exchange is often the first thing that is spun out because it is easy to put on to a separate server and gives you the most gain.

Simon.
0
 

Author Comment

by:snipa911
Comment Utility
Thanks Simon,  how do you have your exchange box at home setup because I want to do the same thing.. Who did you you use for your domain name registrar so that you could setup your mx tables and do you have a static ip or dynamic ip with one of those programs that constantly checks your ip and maps it to a name.  
Mike
0
 
LVL 104

Expert Comment

by:Sembee
Comment Utility
The domain name registrar doesn't matter.
They all operate in the same way.
I ran my home Exchange server on a dynamic IP address for three years, but now it is on a static IP.
The MX record address was my dynamic DNS host address.

Simon.
0
 

Author Comment

by:snipa911
Comment Utility
I have a dynamic ip so if use like dns2go to map my ip to a name like mike.dns2go.com then in the mx tables i set the record address to that instead of my ip because it changes often.  That should work  And then i also just need to use a host time in the mx table like mail.mydomainname.com right and i need to put that info into exchange as well?  Do I need to do anything else in exchange like reverse dns or anything like that.
0
 
LVL 104

Expert Comment

by:Sembee
Comment Utility
If you are on a dynamic IP address then you cannot have a reverse DNS.
The IP address and DNS settings on the local network play no part in the configuration of Exchange for the internet.
Furthermore, as you are on a dynamic IP address you will find that large number of sites will not accept your email. You will have to route your outbound email via your ISPs SMTP server using an SMTP Connector. http://www.amset.info/exchange/smtp-connector.asp

If you have setup an account with dns2go, which creates a host called mike.dns2go.com then simply enter that host as your MX record. Don't bother complicating matters using aliases.

Simon.
0

Featured Post

Enabling OSINT in Activity Based Intelligence

Activity based intelligence (ABI) requires access to all available sources of data. Recorded Future allows analysts to observe structured data on the open, deep, and dark web.

Join & Write a Comment

Find out how to use Active Directory data for email signature management in Microsoft Exchange and Office 365.
Follow this checklist to learn more about the 15 things you should never include in an email signature from personal quotes, animated gifs and out-of-date marketing content.
In this video we show how to create an email address policy in Exchange 2013. We show this process by using the Exchange Admin Center. Log into Exchange Admin Center.:  First we need to log into the Exchange Admin Center. Navigate to the Mail Flow…
This video discusses moving either the default database or any database to a new volume.

772 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

10 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now