Create transparent GIF with JAI

Hello,
I'm trying to create a transparent GIF with JAI:

  private static void createImage(BufferedImage argBufferedImage, String argFileName) {
    ImageWriter gifWriter = null;
    IIOImage iioImage = null;
    IIOMetadata iioMetadata = null;

    IIOMetadataNode gifMetadataNode = null;
    IIOMetadataNode tmpNode = null;

    gifWriter = (ImageWriter) ImageIO.getImageWritersByFormatName("gif").next();
    try {
      gifWriter.setOutput(ImageIO.createImageOutputStream(new File(argFileName)));
      iioMetadata = gifWriter.getDefaultImageMetadata(new ImageTypeSpecifier(argBufferedImage), null);
      gifMetadataNode = (IIOMetadataNode) iioMetadata.getAsTree("javax_imageio_gif_image_1.0");
      tmpNode = (IIOMetadataNode) gifMetadataNode.getElementsByTagName("GraphicControlExtension").item(0);
      tmpNode.setAttribute("transparentColorIndex", "0");
      tmpNode.setAttribute("transparentColorFlag", "true");
      iioMetadata.setFromTree("javax_imageio_gif_image_1.0", gifMetadataNode);
      iioImage = new IIOImage(argBufferedImage, null, iioMetadata);
      gifWriter.write(iioImage);
      gifWriter.dispose();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("ex:" + e);
    }
  }

Unfortunately my code doesn't work. Any recommendations?
LVL 2
egonoAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
DarthModCommented:
PAQd, 500 points refunded.

DarthMod
CS Moderator
0
 
sciuriwareCommented:
Any error messages?

;JOOP!
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
No - the background color is just not set transparent.

I get a

java.lang.NullPointerException
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.common.PaletteBuilder.findPaletteEntry(PaletteBuilder.java:349)
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.common.PaletteBuilder.getIndexColorModel(PaletteBuilder.java:335)
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.common.PaletteBuilder.getIndexedImage(PaletteBuilder.java:184)
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.common.PaletteBuilder.createIndexedImage(PaletteBuilder.java:116)
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.plugins.gif.GIFImageWriter.write(GIFImageWriter.java:602)
      at com.sun.media.imageioimpl.plugins.gif.GIFImageWriter.write(GIFImageWriter.java:530)
      at javax.imageio.ImageWriter.write(ImageWriter.java:573)

if I want to create a complete transparent gif. But this seems to be a known bug: http://bugs.sun.com/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6287936
Again - the NPE is *not* my problem.

regards
0
Cloud Class® Course: Python 3 Fundamentals

This course will teach participants about installing and configuring Python, syntax, importing, statements, types, strings, booleans, files, lists, tuples, comprehensions, functions, and classes.

 
girionisCommented:
Can you try to upgrade/downgrade the library?
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
girionis - I could try this, but the environment is given because the jai libs are used for other things too.

the question is: is my code the right way to create a transparent gif?
0
 
girionisCommented:
Not sure tbh. But the exception you get means that something is not loaded up properly so I guess there is a problem either with some sort fo configuration or with the package itself.
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
girionis - no the exception is a know bug for complete transparent images, and again this is not my problem.

maybe I should change my question into: How to create a transparent gif with JAI?
0
 
girionisCommented:
This link: http://www.esri.com/software/arcexplorer/about/ae9_faq.html states that this is a limitation. Maybe you can create a transparent PNG and then convert it to GIF?
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
some more info. here is how I create my BufferedImage:

        bufferedImage = new BufferedImage(argWidth, argHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_ARGB);

        graphics2D = bufferedImage.createGraphics();
        if (colorIdx == 0) {
          graphics2D.setBackground(Color.WHITE);
        } else {
          graphics2D.setBackground(Color.BLACK);
        }
        graphics2D.clearRect(0, 0, argWidth, argHeight);
        graphics2D.setColor(Color.BLUE);
        graphics2D.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10);
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
girionis - I'm not displaying the gif with jai, I just want to save it (I'm using Paint.Net to view it)
0
 
girionisCommented:
If you just want to save it just use one of the usual output stream methods that write the binary data on the disk. But I guess the problem is that the image is not what you want and therefore before you save it you need it to be transparent. Not sure how exactly you can do it, but from a quick search on jai-interest archives I found the following URL for GIF files: http://archives.java.sun.com/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind9902&L=jai-interest&P=R5968&I=-3

You might also want to try this: http://archives.java.sun.com/cgi-bin/wa?S1=jai-interest and do a search for "GIF encoding".
0
 
egonoAuthor Commented:
Now here is a working solution. The trick is to use a IndexColorModel for the image. The createColorModel() method should create the desired color model, in my case a model with just 2 colors (first one is black).

create the image with

[...]
          bufferedImage = new BufferedImage(argWidth, argHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_INDEXED,                                             createColorModel(COLORS[colorIdx]));
[...]


private static IndexColorModel createColorModel(Color argColor) {
    IndexColorModel result = null;
    result = new IndexColorModel(1, 2,
                                 new byte[] {0, (byte)argColor.getRed()},
                                 new byte[] {0, (byte)argColor.getGreen()},
                                 new byte[] {0, (byte)argColor.getBlue()},
                                 0);
    return result;
 }

  private static void createImage(BufferedImage argBufferedImage, String argFileName) {
    ImageWriter gifWriter = null;
    IIOImage iioImage = null;
    IIOMetadata iioMetadata = null;
    gifWriter = (ImageWriter) ImageIO.getImageWritersByFormatName("gif").next();
    try {
      gifWriter.setOutput(ImageIO.createImageOutputStream(new File(argFileName)));
      iioMetadata = gifWriter.getDefaultImageMetadata(new ImageTypeSpecifier(argBufferedImage), null);
      iioImage = new IIOImage(argBufferedImage, null, iioMetadata);
      gifWriter.write(iioImage);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("ex:" + e);
    }

  }


that's it :-)
0
 
girionisCommented:
Fine by me.
0
Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

All Courses

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.