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onChange event to <FORM> element

bjdutta asked
Last Modified: 2012-08-13

I have more than hundreds form elements (text, dropdowns, checkboxes, etc.) in a form. I want to recognize if user changes any field value. I don't want to write onChange event on each form element. I wrote onChange on <FORM> and that works perfectly in Firefox. But IE is not recognizing the change event.

Anyone has any solution?

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Top Expert 2004
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similar implementation with Zyloch but I would call it on the window.onload event

window.onload = function(){
  var obj = document.forms[0];
  for(var i=0; i<obj.length; i++){
    obj.elements[i].onChange = function(){
      alert(this.name + 'has changed!');
Pravin AsarPrincipal Systems Engineer
Top Expert 2005

You can always use onkeyup , as

1. Whenever key is released it is called, (key-in data, paste by ctrl+C)

Pravin AsarPrincipal Systems Engineer
Top Expert 2005

Here is another approach, a bit lengthy, but works for all browsers.

Here is a complete code, which does not rely on anu user interaction event tracking.
Saves the original values , compares to the field values at the time of submission.

Alerts the what has been changed.

<title>Form Confirm Document</title>

<script language="javascript">
var formFlds=null;
function formFldData (fld) {
   this.name = fld.name;
   this.value = fld.value;
function SaveChanges(theForm) {
   formFlds = new Array();
   if (!theForm) { return false; }
   for (var ix=0; ix < theForm.elements.length; ix++) {
        formFlds[ix] = new formFldData(theForm.elements[ix]);

function FindFld (fld) {
   var str = null;
   if (!fld) { return; }
   for (var ix=0; ix < formFlds.length; ix++) {
        if (!fld.name) { continue; }
        if (!formFlds[ix].name) { continue; }
       if (exactMatch(fld.name,formFlds[ix].name)) {
            if (!exactMatch(fld.value,formFlds[ix].value)) {
                str = '\n Field Name:' + fld.name + '\n    New Value:' + fld.value + '\n    Old Value:' + formFlds[ix].value;
   return str;
function exactMatch(s1, s2) {
   if (!s1) { return false; }
   if (!s2) { return false; }
   if (s1.length == s2.length) {
      if (s1.match(s2) && s2.match(s1)) { return true; }
   return false;
function CheckChanged(theForm) {
     var changed = false;
    if (!theForm) { return changed; }
    var msgStr = '';
    for (var ex=0; ex < theForm.elements.length; ex++) {
       var str = FindFld (theForm.elements[ex]);
       if (str) {
             changed = true;
               msgStr += str;
    if (changed) {
          msgStr = 'Following fields are changed\n' + msgStr;
    else {
          msgStr = 'Nothing is changed\n';
     alert (msgStr);
    return changed;    
function submitForm(theForm) {
if (CheckChanged(theForm)) {
     var conf = confirm ('Field Values changed, You want to continue');
     if (!conf) { return false; }
return true;
<form name="MyForm"  method="get" onsubmit="return submitForm(this);">
<br>First Name:<input type="text" name="firstname"  value="FIRSTNAME">
<br>Last Name:<input type="text" name="lastname" value="LASTNAME">
<br><input  type="reset" value="Reset"><input  type="submit" value="Submit Form">
<script language="javascript">
if (document.MyForm) { SaveChanges(document.MyForm); }

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