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Help with basic comandline syntax

Posted on 2007-03-27
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Last Modified: 2010-04-20
I'm attempting to apply some user-community (re: Legal) hacks to my Tivo without first gaining a degree in Linux. I need someone to help translate general directions into syntax I can use at the command line.

>>
I would make sure that your CDROM truly is accessible as /dev/hdb, and the hard drive configured as /dev/hdc, otherwise, run the program again, and ensure the correct device names are specified
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What command echos the device present at /dev/hdb?

thx
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Question by:juststeve
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10 Comments
 
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Cyclops3590 earned 150 total points
ID: 18801953
try this
dmesg | grep hdb
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Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 18801955
what do you mean by 'echos'?
ls /dev/hdb?
cat /dev/hdb?
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Expert Comment

by:Cyclops3590
ID: 18802263
that's true, i guess I just assumed you wanted to see what device the system saw as /dev/hdb
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LVL 31

Expert Comment

by:rid
ID: 18802266
What distro is this? You could check the /etc/fstab file. If the installation has created it and included the detected CD unit, it will be noteed there like this.

<file system>          <mount point>
/dev/hdb                   /media/cdrom

or similar.
/RID
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by:Cyclops3590
ID: 18802272
by "you", I meant juststeve in case that was confusing.
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Assisted Solution

by:ozo
ozo earned 50 total points
ID: 18802428
maybe
df /dev/hdb
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Author Comment

by:juststeve
ID: 18802992
By 'echos' i mean displays. It's ISOLinux. System is booting off the drive i'm tying to troubleshoot.

ls /dev/hdb just returns that string back highlighted. The Grep command returned stuff that identified the device as the CDROM so far so good.

df /dev/hdb returns 'mount point not found' ??

/dev/hdb returns 'permission denied'

The above return the same for /dev/hdc (the hard drive) so I don't make much of that.

/media/cdrom  and /RID - No such file or directory.



.
.

In DOS if i wanted to explore dir trees i'd go:

c:

to change drives and then dir and cd my way along. How do I change the current drive here?

thx
--steve...
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Expert Comment

by:Cyclops3590
ID: 18803070
there's no real changing of drive like in windows
in the *nix world its all one big filesystem hierarchy with mount points
if you want to "switch" to a different drive you need to "cd" to the mount point of that drive
for example,
say /dev/hda and /dev/hdb are both partitioned with a swap and one ext3 partition.  say /dev/hda1 is mounted as / and /dev/hdb1 is mounted as /home
the OS seeing them as part of the same filesystem.
does that make sense
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Expert Comment

by:Cyclops3590
ID: 18803094
btw, do know their mount points, rid already stated the place to look
however another file that might contain the mount point data would be
/etc/mtab
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Assisted Solution

by:rid
rid earned 100 total points
ID: 18805709
In "older" or more tradidional distros, the CD unit would probably mount under /mnt/subdirectory, where you make your own subdirectory for file systems you want to mount. E.g. if you have a usb drive that you connect from time to time, you make a directory like /mnt/usbdisk. Then, as you want to explore the drive, you have to mount it. Assuming a USB drive will be "sda" or similar, you will have to execute :
mount /dev/sda /mnt/usbdisk
which corresponds to <file system> <mount point> in my earlier comment.

Putting a line in /etc/fstab that says basically the same thing, helps insofar as you need not specify the mount point with the mount command: "mount /dev/sda" will suffice.

Wouldn't it be possible to find out what is in the /dev directory that links to "cdrom"?
/RID
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