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Vanishing PHP variables

Posted on 2007-03-28
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Last Modified: 2011-10-03
Here's a pretty simple problem:

I am writing a registration page in PHP and I can't seem to figure out why my database doesn't record the IP address of the registered user and the timestamp indicating when they registered.  

I declare the variables at the top of the PHP page:

$time = time();
$time+=(3*60*60);
$IPaddress = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];

// some more code

.. and then, down the page, I refer to the variables in the function register() that writes the information to the database:

function register() {
$create = "INSERT into registration (identifier,ip,timestamp,first,last,email,stat,region,phone,job,password,advisory,popup,sound) values ('$identifier','$IPaddress','$time','$_POST[first]','$_POST[last]','$_POST[email]', '$_POST[station]','$region','$_POST[phone]','$_POST[job]','$_POST[password1]','1010101010','ON','OFF')";
mysql_query($create);
mysql_close();
}

All of my other variables get recorded to the database correctly -- but for some reason the $IPaddress and $time variables don't.  Any reason why?
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Question by:marcparillo
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8 Comments
 
LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:Cornelia Yoder
ID: 18812448
Either pass the variables to the function as parameters, or declare them as global in the function.  Right now, the function code can't see them.
0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:marcparillo
ID: 18812482
Thanks, I knew it was something simple like that.  

If I don't want to pass variables like this:

function register($time,$IPaddress) {
//code
}

.. how do I declare them as global? like this?

global $time, $IPaddress;

Thanks
0
 
LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:Cornelia Yoder
ID: 18812511
exactly :)
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LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:Cornelia Yoder
ID: 18812516
function register() {
  global $time, $IPaddress;
  $create = "INSERT into registration  (identifier,ip,timestamp,first,last,email,stat,region,phone,job,password,advisory,popup,sound) values ('$identifier','$IPaddress','$time','$_POST[first]','$_POST[last]','$_POST[email]', '$_POST[station]','$region','$_POST[phone]','$_POST[job]','$_POST[password1]','1010101010','ON','OFF')";
mysql_query($create);
mysql_close();
}
0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:marcparillo
ID: 18812702
Don't I have to declare the global variables where they're created ... at the top of the page?  In your example above, you're creating the global variables inside the function.
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LVL 27

Accepted Solution

by:
Cornelia Yoder earned 500 total points
ID: 18812718
Nope, declare them global IN the function.
0
 
LVL 3

Author Comment

by:marcparillo
ID: 18812738
Thanks vodercm --

My background is in Perl, so declaring variables as "global" inside functions in PHP is backward from what I learned in Perl, where "global" variables are declared with the "my" reference anywhere outside of functions.
0
 
LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:Cornelia Yoder
ID: 18847172
You're welcome, good luck :)
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