showing contents of a file

Posted on 2007-03-29
Last Modified: 2010-03-31
hi all

is it possible to show the contents within a file?

e.g. i have a .vm file, i want to get the .vm files content and show them

is anyone able to lead me to an example

any help much appreciated

Question by:dalecon
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Expert Comment

ID: 18816315

What type of file is a .vm?

Author Comment

ID: 18816327
velocity template

just contains html type code

Author Comment

ID: 18816425

no worries got it
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Author Comment

ID: 18817417
oh well, spoke too soon
i'm using this and can read the ocntents of my file

FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream("a.vm");                  
InputStreamReader isr = new InputStreamReader(fis,"UTF8");                  
Reader in = new BufferedReader(isr);                  
int ch;            
while ((ch = > -1)

however when i display the file contents in my broswer it displays it as an html page, i just want it shown as plain text,

can anyone show me how i can display the contents of the .vm file just as palin text without the broswer formatting it back to an html page?

many thanks

Expert Comment

ID: 18817473
If you're using servlets, on your response object you need to call response.setContentType("text/plain")

For jsps, you would use this:
<%@ page contentType="text/plain"%>

If you have other html stuff in your page and want the page to still be an html, but this text to be displayed as it is, you will need to escape it. There are several ways to do that, let me know if you need it.

If you're just opening the file with a browser, there's not much you can do. Easiest way would probably be to generate an escaped version of the file.

Author Comment

ID: 18817528

do you have an example of escaping the file ?

many thanks for your help
LVL 30

Expert Comment

by:Mayank S
ID: 18818713
>> when i display the file contents in my broswer it displays it as an html page

The code that you posted - is it reading the file in a servlet and then printing the contents using out.println () ?

Expert Comment

ID: 18818903
If you do it in a jsp, you could just do it with <c:out value="${yourVarHere}" />. If you use a servlet, you just need to do these kind of replaces:
& to &amp;
< to &lt;
> to &gt;

Assuming you have a huge String, in JDK5 you would do print(yourString.replace("&","&amp;").replace("<","&lt;").replace(">","&gt;"));

Author Comment

ID: 18822124
i have this in my jsp

<jsp:useBean id="template" class="com.utils.getstuff">
<jsp:setProperty name="template" property="*"/>
contents = template.getContents();                        

<td><%=contents %></td>

Author Comment

ID: 18822203

think i've orted it

Accepted Solution

cavey_79 earned 50 total points
ID: 18823573
Replace this
<td><%=contents %></td>
with this
<td><%=contents.replace("&","&amp;").replace("<","&lt;").replace(">","&gt;") %></td>

I assume contents is a String. If not, replace it with
<td><%=contents.toString().replace("&","&amp;").replace("<","&lt;").replace(">","&gt;") %></td>

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