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All points of drawArc or drawOval

Posted on 2007-04-02
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Last Modified: 2013-11-23
When using drawArc or drawOval, is there a method that gives all points of that arc or oval?
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Question by:CharleneS77
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Expert Comment

by:ADSLMark
ID: 18838710
Hmm, no.

What do you want to achieve? Maybe there is a easy solution, but therefore we need to know what you want to achieve. :-)

Mark
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Author Comment

by:CharleneS77
ID: 18839321
I am in the process of creating  a meter.  The meter needle is determined by other variables.  When I draw my meter, I am trying to find a way to know where to draw my line (the needle), which will vary, but will always start at the center point of the circle or arc.
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Expert Comment

by:ADSLMark
ID: 18839417
You can calculate the point yourself, for example:

        double perc = 0.25; //value between 0 and 1

        int ox = (int) origin.getX();
        int oy = (int) origin.getY();
        int px = (int) Math.floor(Math.sin(perc * 2 * Math.PI) * radius);
        int py = (int) Math.floor(Math.cos(perc * 2 * Math.PI) * radius);

        g.drawOval(ox-radius, oy-radius, radius*2, radius*2);
        g.drawLine(ox, oy, ox+px, oy+py);

This will draw a circle with a needle pointing to the east. If you change the 0.25 to 0.75 it will point to the West, it works counter-clockwise but it's no problem to change the rotation, maybe you even know how, but if you simply negate the perc variable it will work the other way around.

Mark
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Author Comment

by:CharleneS77
ID: 18840412
I have been testing what you have posted.  But I can't figure out how to only use the top half of the circle (my arc) and use the left most point of my arc as percentage 0.  I'll keep trying.

int xOrigin = 700;
int yOrigin = 500;
int radius = 150;

g.drawArc( xOrigin - radius, yOrigin - radius, radius * 2, radius * 2, 0, 180 );  // top of my meter
g.drawLine( 550, 500, 850, 500 );      // bottom of my meter

double percentage = 0.0;                              
int xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.sin( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
int yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.cos( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );
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Author Comment

by:CharleneS77
ID: 18840951
I am trying to understand the basics of the code you posted.  I have broken down the statements that assign values to xPercentage and yPercentage so I can test them and understand how they are getting their values.  Why does the position of the line change for my last two tests?  


double percentage = .25;      // 3 o'clock position
               int xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.sin( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  int yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.cos( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  g.setColor( Color.WHITE );
                   g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );
                  
                  percentage = .25;            // 3 o'clock position
               xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.sin( .25 * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.cos( .25 * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  g.setColor( Color.WHITE );
                   g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );
                  
                  percentage = .25;            // 3 o'clock position
               xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.sin( 1.570796327 ) * radius );
                  yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.cos( 1.570796327 ) * radius );
                  g.setColor( Color.WHITE );
                   g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );
                  
                  //--------------------------------------------------------------------
                  
                  // why are xPercentage and yPercentage different now?
                  percentage = .25;            // "almost" 6 o'clock position
               xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( 4.111820039 );
                  yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( 149.9436325 );
                  g.setColor( Color.RED );
                   g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );
                  
                  // why are xPercentage and yPercentage different now?
                  //percentage = .25;            // "almost" 6 o'clock position
               //xPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.sin( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  //yPercentage = ( int ) Math.floor( Math.cos( percentage * 2 * Math.PI ) * radius );
                  g.setColor( Color.BLUE );
                   g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + 4, yOrigin + 149 );
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Accepted Solution

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ADSLMark earned 250 total points
ID: 18841734
Ok, let me explain. A full circle is 2*pi. So if I point at some value x then x+2*pi points at the same value. If you know how the sinus wave looks like you see it repeats itself precisely after 2*pi. The percentage variable decides where we want to point in the sinus wave. From this sin calculation we calculate our x position. The same goes for cosinus. Since sinus is 0 when x=0, and cosinus is 1 when x=0, you get two different results for sin and cos.

If you want to read more about this, search for trigonometry, or take a look at this page:
http://www.clarku.edu/~djoyce/trig/
or in particular:
http://www.clarku.edu/~djoyce/trig/angle.html

Now the code:
        //Constants
        int xOrigin = 200;
        int yOrigin = 200;
        int radius = 100;

        //Draw meter
        g.drawArc( xOrigin - radius, yOrigin - radius, radius * 2, radius * 2, 0, 180 );
        g.drawLine( xOrigin - radius, yOrigin, xOrigin + radius, yOrigin );

        //Percentage is a value between 0 and 1. If zero, the needle will point to the
        //left, if one it will point to the right. If it's 0.5 it will point upwards.
        double percentage = i;
        int xPercentage = ( int ) Math.round( Math.sin( (-percentage-0.5) * Math.PI ) * radius );
        int yPercentage = ( int ) Math.round( Math.cos( (-percentage-0.5) * Math.PI ) * radius );
        g.setColor( Color.RED );
        g.drawLine( xOrigin, yOrigin, xOrigin + xPercentage, yOrigin + yPercentage );

Good luck,
Mark
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