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PHP - Figuring out the difference between arrays & updating them appropriately

Posted on 2007-04-03
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Last Modified: 2007-04-03
Trying to wrap my brain around how to do this...

The user is presented a form that will allow them to set the category(ies) for a particular product.  So, I need to check for the following:

(1) If a posted category matches a current record, then nothing happens
(2) If a posted category does not match a current record, then a new record is created
(3) If a current record does not match the posted categories, then that record is deleted

So, my table looks something like this:

id -------> category --------> product
1 ------------> A ---------------> Milk
2 ------------> B ---------------> Milk
3 ------------> C ---------------> Milk
4 ------------> B ---------------> Salt
5 ------------> D ---------------> Bread
6 ------------> E ---------------> Bread

The user is taken to a form that displays information for Milk, and is presented with a list of all the categories, with prechecked checkboxes where appropriate:

Milk Information
---- Categories
-------- [x] A
-------- [x] B
-------- [x] C
-------- [_] D
-------- [_] E

The user deselects A and selects E:

Milk Information
---- Categories
-------- [_] A
-------- [x] B
-------- [x] C
-------- [_] D
-------- [X] E

I need to update the db appropriately, deleting the record where the product=Milk and the category=A, inserting a record where the product=Milk and the category=E, and keeping the records where the product=Milk and the category = B and C:

id -------> category --------> product
2 ------------> B ---------------> Milk
3 ------------> C ---------------> Milk
4 ------------> B ---------------> Salt
5 ------------> D ---------------> Bread
6 ------------> E ---------------> Bread
7 ------------> E ---------------> Milk

I tried using array_diff, but I can't figure out how to differentiate between the ones that should be added, and the ones that should be removed.  

:/

Help!
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Comment
Question by:jen_jen_jen
  • 6
  • 2
9 Comments
 
LVL 9

Accepted Solution

by:
under_dog earned 250 total points
ID: 18843206
Just remove them all ... and then just loop through the submitted variables and add them one by one. Same result, less hassle.
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843222
Can't do that. The actual data has sensitive information, and there are other columns specific to the product/category, so I can't store the category in the db as A,B,C, and I can't delete them and then re-create them all, because I'd be deleting information for each record that isn't editable from this form.
0
 
LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:under_dog
ID: 18843310
Ok ... something like this maybe?

<?php

  $product = 'Milk';
 
  $categoryA = $_POST['categoryA'];
  $categoryB = $_POST['categoryB'];
  $categoryC = $_POST['categoryC'];
  $categoryD = $_POST['categoryD'];
  $categoryE = $_POST['categoryE'];

  if ($categoryA == "") {

    mysql_query("DELETE FROM categories WHERE product='$product' AND category='A'");

  } else {

    $result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM categories WHERE product='$product' AND category='A'");
    if (mysql_num_rows($result) == 0) {
      mysql_query("INSERT INTO categories SET product='$product', category='A'");
    }

  }

  // and so on for each category.

?>
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LVL 29

Assisted Solution

by:TeRReF
TeRReF earned 250 total points
ID: 18843339
Maybe array_merge would be an idea:

// Build an array with all possible categories:
$cats = array('A'=>'', 'B'=>'', etc...);
// Array of chosen cats in form (only checked checkboxes will appear)
$checkboxes = array('C'=>'yes', 'D'=>'yes');
// Array merge for db
$db_array = array_merge($cats, $checkboxes);

// Now alter db

foreach($db_array as $cat=>$val) {
  if ($val === 'yes') {
    // add db entry
  } else {
    // delete db entry (if entry doesn't exist, nothing happens)
  }
}
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843488
Well, I thought about both of these suggestions...

underdog
---------------------------------------------
(1) I can't really do underdog's because I'm passing the values for this field as an array (i.e., <input type="checkbox" name="categories[]" value="'.$row['category'].'"> )  I think to do what you're suggesting, I would need a separate input field for each category, where each one is named differently.

TeRReF
---------------------------------------------
(2) I think I'm not completely understanding this example.
Here's what I tried:

$posted_categories = $_POST['categories'];

$query = "SELECT DISTINCT(category) from myTable";
$result = mysql_query($query);
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($result)) {
   $cat .= $row['category'];
}
$all_cat = explode(',',substr($cat,0,-1));  // All the categories
$db_array = array_merge($all_cat, $posted_categories);

print_r($all_cat);
// Prints Out:
// Array ( [0] => A [1] => B [2] => C [3] => D [4] => E )

print_r($posted_categories);
// Prints Out:
// Array ( [0] => B [1] => C [2] => E)

print_r($db_array);
// Prints Out
// Array ( [0] => A [1] => B [2] => C [3] => D [4] => E [5] => B [6] => C [7] => E)

So, I'm not sure where I can set a "yes" value?  
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843676
I also tried:

    foreach($all_cat as $value) {
      if(in_array($value, $categories)) {
        $cat_query = "SELECT id FROM myTable WHERE product='$product' AND category='$value'";
        $cat_result = mysql_query($cat_query);
        if(mysql_num_rows($cat_result) == 0) {
          $cat_ins = "INSERT INTO myTable (product, category) VALUES ('$product', '$value')";
          $ins_res = mysql_query($query);
        }
      }
    }

But, I don't think this helps me when trying to figure out which record should be removed.  :/
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843719
Well, I tried this:

    foreach($all_cat as $value) {
      if(in_array($value, $categories)) {
        $cat_query = "SELECT id FROM myTable WHERE product='$product' AND category='$value'";
        $cat_result = mysql_query($cat_query);
        if(mysql_num_rows($cat_result) == 0) {
          $cat_ins = "INSERT INTO myTable (product, category) VALUES ('$product', '$value')";
          $ins_res = mysql_query($cat_ins);
        }
      } else {
        $cat_query = "SELECT id FROM myTable WHERE product='$product' AND category='$value'";
        $cat_result = mysql_query($cat_query);
        if(mysql_num_rows($cat_result) > 0) {
          $cat_del = "DELETE FROM myTable (product, category) VALUES ('$product', '$value')";
          $del_res = mysql_query($cat_del);
        }
      }
    }

But, that didn't delete anything when I unchecked the boxes :/
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843746
Ahh, nevermind:  

    foreach($all_cat as $value) {
      if(in_array($value, $categories)) {
        $cat_query = "SELECT id FROM myTable WHERE product='$product' AND category='$value'";
        $cat_result = mysql_query($cat_query);
        if(mysql_num_rows($cat_result) == 0) {
          $cat_ins = "INSERT INTO myTable (product, category) VALUES ('$product', '$value')";
          $ins_res = mysql_query($cat_ins);
        }
      } else {
        $cat_query = "SELECT id FROM myTable WHERE product='$product' AND category='$value'";
        $cat_result = mysql_query($cat_query);
        if(mysql_num_rows($cat_result) > 0) {
          $cat_del = "DELETE FROM myTable WHERE product=''$product' AND category='$value'";
          $del_res = mysql_query($cat_del);
        }
      }
    }
0
 

Author Comment

by:jen_jen_jen
ID: 18843751
Wait, reality check:  This does what I want, so far, but I'm shocked I figured it out.  Does this code look right?
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