SQL Code to select the first item only in each recordset meeting specified criteria

I need to create a query that will calculate the charge amount for each item of each Job based on the following criteria:
If FPInc = false or if the FPInc immediately preceding this one was false and this one is True then Charge = TotalInc
A sample of data is as follows:
FPInc   TotalInc     Charge
False     0.00           0.00
False     22.60        22.60
False     78.20        78.20
False     45.00        45.00
True       89.00        89.00
True       19.80          0.00
True        12.50         0.00
False      18.83        18.83

The Full SQL Query that goes part way to accomplishing what I need is as follows. Is there a way of doing what I need with SQL or do I need to write some code to process the recordset to achieve what I want?

SELECT Jobs.ClosedDate, Jobs.ClientID, JobItems.JobID, JobItems.Sequence, JobItems.FPInc, JobItems.TotalInc, IIf(Not [fpinc],[totalinc],0) AS Charge
FROM JobItems INNER JOIN Jobs ON JobItems.JobID = Jobs.JobID
ORDER BY Jobs.ClosedDate, JobItems.JobID, JobItems.Sequence, JobItems.FPInc;
LVL 1
Rob4077Asked:
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Barry CunneyCommented:
Hi Rob,
The difficult part with this is that you are trying to identify a preceding record.
If the records(i.e. the sample data that you provided above) had a sequnce number field or if the database design could be modified to incorporate a sequence number field(1,2,3,4,5 etc.) it would make this more possible.
Then you could have a calculated field which gets the previous FPInc

SELECT Jobs.ClosedDate, Jobs.ClientID, JobItems.JobID, JobItems.Sequence, JobItems.FPInc, JobItems.TotalInc, IIf(Not [fpinc],[totalinc],0) AS Charge, SELECT FPInc FROM Jobs j where j.Sequence = Jobs.Sequence - 1 As PreviousFPInc
FROM JobItems INNER JOIN Jobs ON JobItems.JobID = Jobs.JobID
ORDER BY Jobs.ClosedDate, JobItems.JobID, JobItems.Sequence, JobItems.FPInc;

With a sequence field you would have a more definite way of getting the previous record
If you cannot use a Sequnce Number you may be able to do someting usign your CloseDate field
Select Top1 FROM FPInc FROM Jobs j WHERE j.CloseDate < Jobs.CloseDate


Cheers

B Cunney  

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Patrick MatthewsCommented:
Try:

SELECT j.ClosedDate, j.ClientID, ji.JobID, ji.Sequence, ji.FPInc, ji.TotalInc,
IIf((Not ji.[fpinc]) OR (Not
    (SELECT TOP 1 ji2.fpinc
    FROM JobItems AS ji2 INNER JOIN Jobs AS j2 ON ji.JobID = j.JobID
    WHERE j2.ClosedDate = j.ClosedDate AND ji2.JobID = ji.JobID AND
        ji2.Sequence < ji.Sequence
    ORDER BY j2.ClosedDate ASC, ji2.JobID ASC, ji2.Sequence DESC))
, ji.[totalinc], 0) AS Charge
FROM JobItems AS ji INNER JOIN Jobs AS j ON ji.JobID = j.JobID
ORDER BY j.ClosedDate, ji.JobID, ji.Sequence, ji.FPInc
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Rob4077Author Commented:
Sorry for the delay in getting back to you on this one - my laptop was damaged and had to go in for major repairs. I am now working on a backup machine but in the meantime, while offline, I found an alternative solution so it turns out I don't need the code.

Ideally I would like to be able to change the table but I can't because I am reading tables from someone else's system so that wouldn't have been the perfect solution. And after re-examining the table structure there would have been instances where matthewspatrick's solution would have stumbled too.  Nevertheless I really appreciate you taking the time to look at it and I have awarded points  because you made the effort for which I thank you very much.

Regards,
Rob
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Patrick MatthewsCommented:
Rob,

Glad to help, and sorry to hear you had some equipment mishaps.

Good luck with the project,

Patrick
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