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Capacitance of the Earth
Posted on 2007-04-05
a) Discuss how the concept of capacitance can also be applied to a _single_ conductor (hint: In the relationship C = Q/V, think of the second conductor as being located at infinity).
I'm not really sure how to approach this. If I say that each conductor is infitely far apart then I can regard them both as point charges. In which case:
V = lim r->inf [ k * q_1 * q_2 / r ] = 0
So I'm not understanding how to apply this hint.
b) Use C=Q/V to show that C = 4pi(epsilon_0) * R for a solid conducting spehre of radius R.
I think I need to get part (a) first.
c) Use your result in part (b) to calculate the capacitance of the earth, which is a good conductor of radius 6380km, compare to typical capacitors used in electronic circuits that have Capacitances from 10 pico farad to 100 micro farad
I just need help getting started.