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BASH - last charachter of an variable

Posted on 2007-04-06
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Last Modified: 2013-12-26
Hello,
How can i see the last charachter of an variable ?
lets say:
var=123456.
and i want to echo just the '.'
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Question by:rares_dumitrescu
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6 Comments
 

Author Comment

by:rares_dumitrescu
ID: 18863874
or, how can i check if an variable looks like an ip? (like this: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx)
Where xxx are digits, and they can be 1 2 or 3 digits between the '.'
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:MikeOM_DBA
ID: 18864009

You can convert to array and then check each portion:

#!/bin/bash
var='12.345.678.1'
IFS='.'
arr=($var)
echo "${arr[0]} ${arr[1]} ${arr[2]} ${arr[3]}"arr=(`echo $var|tr '.' ' ')
--or--
#!/bin/bash
var='12.345.678.1'
arr=(`echo $var|tr '.' ' '`)
echo "${arr[0]} ${arr[1]} ${arr[2]} ${arr[3]
0
 
LVL 29

Assisted Solution

by:MikeOM_DBA
MikeOM_DBA earned 200 total points
ID: 18864013
Ooops, typo:

#!/bin/bash
var='12.345.678.1'
IFS='.'
arr=($var)
echo "${arr[0]} ${arr[1]} ${arr[2]} ${arr[3]}"
--or--
#!/bin/bash
var='12.345.678.1'
arr=(`echo $var|tr '.' ' '`)
echo "${arr[0]} ${arr[1]} ${arr[2]} ${arr[3]
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Author Comment

by:rares_dumitrescu
ID: 18864072
and how could i include it in a while, something like:

while -the variable is not xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (xxx can be max 255)-
do ask for a new variable
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Author Comment

by:rares_dumitrescu
ID: 18865113
anyone ?
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LVL 58

Accepted Solution

by:
amit_g earned 300 total points
ID: 18865457
You could use something like this...

var="123.45.6.7"
if echo "$var" | egrep -e '^[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}$'
then
    IFS='.'
    arr=($var)
    if [ ${arr[0]} -le 255 -a ${arr[1]} -le 255 -a ${arr[2]}  -le 255 -a ${arr[3]} -le 255 ]
    then
        echo "IP"
    else
        echo "Non-IP"
    fi
else
    echo "Non-IP"
fi
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