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Cannot boot Hard Drive. Disk Read Error Press Ctrl-Alt-Del to restart

I have a Samsung 80gb HDD Model SP0802N That will not boot any more. If I attach it as a slave drive it works fine. I have run all diagnostics from the manufacturer, windows and more. Every time I try to boot from it as master it gives the error: Disk Read Error Press Ctrl-Alt-Del to restart. The partition is Active and it's Windows XP Professional SP2. I have entered the recovery console and ran Fixboot and FixMBR to no avail. I even went as far as to do a windows XP repair. Windows Saves all the files then on first reboot I get that error again. I am stumped. Is it a virus? I dont have a lot of money to spend so any free suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks
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vickjam
Asked:
vickjam
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4 Solutions
 
LeeTutorretiredCommented:
Try entering the Recovery Console and running a chkdsk c: /r   The /r switch tells chkdsk to scan the entire drive and recover any bad sectors. Depending on the size of your drive this could take a REALLY long time.
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KCTSCommented:
running FIXMBR and FIXBOOT from the recovery console may also be useful in an attempt to repair the boot sector/master boot record.
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Rick HobbsRETIREDCommented:
Check your boot.ini and make sure it is pointing to the correct partition.  Can you boot into safe mode?  Do you have access to a copy of Winternals Admin or Bart PE CD?  The Bart PE can be DL'sfor free and has diagnostics you can use with the drive connected as the master when you boot from the Bart CD. Any specifics on when/ how this occurred?  You could have a damaged file and need to do a chkdsk on the drive to locate it.
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vickjamAuthor Commented:
LeeTutor:
I am running ChkDsk /r right now. it is taking some time. I will let you know if it works.

KCTS:
I already tried FIXBOOT and FIXMBR with no results.

rickhobbs:
I cannot boot into anything when it is master. I am going to check the boot.ini file as soon as ChkDsk completes. I dont have any of those programs you mentioned but I will try them if all else fails. Here is what happened.
I had the hard drive in a dell when all of a sudden I got a blue screen that said hardware failure. I turned off the system and rebooted and got the error disk read error so I put another hard drive in that I know was working fine and I got the same error. Dsk read error. I then tried a third drive and got the same error again. Now I figure it's not the Drive but the board so I go out and buy a new mobo just to find out I am getting the same error. It works as a slave but not as a master. I do not want to lose all my data on that drive. There is 50gb of it there. I cant afford to buy a new drive to back up the info to so I am trying to fix it. All of the manufacturer diagnostics passed and chkdsk without the /r passed. It's very strange.
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AlexSoftware EngineerCommented:
If your HDD is ok under a slave mode so the HDD i supposed that has not bad sectors.Try to install over the existing installation of windows NO TO FORMAT the HDD but  just setup again the windows, you will lose only your programs and maybe modem or sound driver nothing more.I think a new setup over the old will solve your problem.
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vickjamAuthor Commented:
Ok, I just ran chkdsk /r on the drive in question and the final report says:
The second NTFS boot sector is unwriteable.
I dont understand why I would have 2 boot sectors.
What to do?
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LeeTutorretiredCommented:
That's the backup boot sector.  See this page:

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/windows2000serv/reskit/w2000Msgs/2413.mspx?mfr=true
The second NTFS boot sector is unwriteable.
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Rick HobbsRETIREDCommented:
If it passed otherwise, you have a bad file or files.   If you can get your habds on Ontrack Easy Recovery or another disk recovery program, purchase an esternal USB 2 1/2" drive box (I actually use an external 5 1/4" with an adapter so I can do all kinds of drives). Pop one of the drives that you have in the notebook and see if you can do a complete install of XP on it.  Attach the problem drive  and see if you can access the files on it.  If not, use Ontrack Easy Recovery or another utility for file revovery from the Internet.  There are some decent free ones, Ontrack is not. I purchased Ontrack because I do forensics on drive images and have used it for recovery a number of times also.

Once you have the old drive attached, you can try using a file compare util to find the defective one, rename it filename.org, and copy the file back on.  Or if the new drive you have is is at the same SP level, copy the entire System32 folder's exe, dll, and com files over.  Delete the pagefile.sys in the root and coopy the root directory's hidden system files.  Then try booting it again.  If no luck, check warranty status on the drive (most business laptops have a 3 yr warr, i just did a Dell last week), copy the data files you need and contact the manufacturer for a replacement if under warranty.  If it doesn't come with CD's, you can also copy the recovery partition that starts when you hit F11 (on some machines).

If it didn't come with CDs, try to boot to the recovery partition. Sony's, some HP/Compaq's, and Acer's have a recovery partition you can access from F10 or F11.
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nobusCommented:
i would suggest this :
-backup your data - since the drive oprates normal as slave, this should be easy; no programs needed.
-download your drivers
-do a fresh install on the disk, and when it presents the partitions, delete ALL partitions, then make a new one for the install.
if this does not work, use DBAN to clear the disk :  http://dban.sourceforge.net/      
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vickjamAuthor Commented:
Ok I split the points. All the advice was good. I ultimately found a backup device large enough, backed it up,  then deleted all partitions and reformated. I'm reloading all my stuff now. All is well. Just time consuming.
Thanks to all for your help.
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Rick HobbsRETIREDCommented:
Hope I was of some assistance!  Thanks
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