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evaluating a string

Posted on 2007-10-19
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hey guys,

i have a function that opens a text file and reads off one line at a time. the line of text is stored in a string.

an example of a line within the file is:

paint box 4 <110 110> <110 190> <190 110> <110 110>

however the problem is that not all values/words will be separated by one white space, there can be an unknown number of them at once.

the aim is to verify the first two words, then stick the rest of the numbers into variables.

whats the easiest way i can do this?

thanks
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Question by:gem56
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by:Infinity08
ID: 20110537
Is this a different question than this one :

        http://www.experts-exchange.com/Programming/Languages/CPP/Q_22904156.html

? If not, can you say which part you're still having trouble with ?
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by:gem56
ID: 20114059
yeah sorry champ, its the same sort of question, but with those solutions im having too many problems trying to make it work with what i need. mainly the solutions are too complex and the output isnt helping me too much.

im just looking for something simple (simpler) that i can use to evaluate the string sequentially.

cheers
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by:gem56
ID: 20114240
anyone?
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Infinity08 earned 1000 total points
ID: 20114270
Did you read the tutorial on file intput/output that I posted in the other post :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/doc/tutorial/files.html

That's quite basic C++, and is something that you really have to understand if you want to get into C++. So, let me know if there's something that is unclear there. Especially take a look at the code samples in that tutorial.


>> im just looking for something simple (simpler) that i can use to evaluate the string sequentially.

It can't get much simpler than what I suggested :

        1) read a line from the file into a string (using getline)
        2) read each token (word) from the line one at a time, using stream operations. For example,

                  string line;        // <--- filled up from the file by getline
                 
                  stringstream ss(line);               // <--- create a stringstream for the line

                  string word;
                  ss >> word;           // <--- read the first word from the line and store it in word
                  // <--- do something with the word

                  ss >> word;           // <--- read the second word from the line and store it in word
                  // <--- do something with the word

                  etc. ...

        3) go back to 1) for the next line

Does that make it clearer ? I would suggest to just read the tutorial and on-line documents I posted earlier, and then just play with it a bit to see if you can get things to work. Start with basic things, like reading a line from the file, and printing it, and then start expanding the code to do more complex things ...
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Author Comment

by:gem56
ID: 20114293
perfect!

looks like i'll have to find a tutorial that explains stringstream's better (the one i have has about 3 sentences on it).

thanks a lot mate, exactly what i needed :)
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