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Heapify Binary tree insertion

Posted on 2007-11-18
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Last Modified: 2012-08-14
I have an insertion function for a binary tree is it possible to convert it to a Binary Heap instead.The element I am inserting are contained in a Node class with data members of id , name etc

if ( *ptr == NULL )                    // tree is empty
                     {
                        *ptr = new Node( id, name);
                     }
            else                              // tree is not empty
                  if ( id < (( *ptr )->idno ))
                        insertHelper( &( (*ptr)->leftPtr ), id, name );
                  else
                           if ( id > (( *ptr )->idno ))
                              insertHelper( &( ( *ptr )->rightPtr ), id, name);

}//helper takes in a root pointer of type Node* and data members .

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Question by:kitrobin
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6 Comments
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 20307717
       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_heap

Look at the paragraph "adding to the heap"
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Author Comment

by:kitrobin
ID: 20308053
How will I add from the bottom? I am using a pointer to the root.Still very confused
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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 20308110
That's answered in the "Heap implementation" paragraph on the same page.

One approach is to keep a reference to the next sibling on the same level for each node. Alternatively, you can keep the heap in an array, so you don't need pointers.
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Author Comment

by:kitrobin
ID: 20308165
Ok.I tried using an array with an example from a text but I can't seem to modify it to work with Node elements
  class BinaryHeap
        {
          public:
            BinaryHeap( int capacity = 100 );
            void insert( long, char[], char[], char[],int, char[], int, char[]);
            void delete( );

          private:
            int currentSize;  // Number of elements in heap
            Node* array;  // The heap array
            
           
            void buildHeap( );
            void percolateDown( int hole );
        };

            BinaryHeap::BinaryHeap( int capacity )
          : array( capacity + 1 ), currentSize( 0 )
        {
        }
       

        void BinaryHeap::insert( long id,      char fname[], char lname[],      char pay[],      int day,
                                  char rmType[], int rmNo, char reason[] )
        {

            array =new Node(id, fname, lname, pay, day, rmType, rmNo, reason);
            int hole = ++currentSize;
           
               for( ; hole > 1 && id < array[ hole / 2 ]; hole /= 2 )
                array[ hole ] = array[ hole / 2 ];
            array[ hole ] = id;
        }
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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 20308223
>>             BinaryHeap::BinaryHeap( int capacity )
>>           : array( capacity + 1 ), currentSize( 0 )

array is a pointer to Node - you can't initialize it to an integer value ... You need to allocate memory for capacity amount of nodes.


The insert will have to be a bit different too.

You can take a look at this example :

        http://library.thinkquest.org/C005618/text/heaps.htm
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Accepted Solution

by:
Infinity08 earned 200 total points
ID: 20308226
or the one on this page :

        http://www.cs.fiu.edu/~weiss/dsaa_c++/code/
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