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Use Parameters in Excel Cells to return results from a SQL stored procedure

Posted on 2007-11-19
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Last Modified: 2008-09-13
I have tried to get an answer to this on verious forums, but none are really giving me the answer.

Step 1: Microsoft Excel

Cell A1 = Orange
Cell B2 = Monkey

The Excel file also contains a pivot table.

Step 2: I want to use the values in A1 and B1 as parameters for a SQL Server 2000 Stored Procedure.

Thus, I need to know what steps must I take, to link to the Stored Procedure from excel, where the results are returned to the Pivot table.

Example of Stored procedure is shown below.....

How do i call the stored procedure?
How do i ensure is uses the paramters set?
How do i ensure that it returns the results to the pivot table?
Server = Busobjects
Database = Cap_plan
 
Create Proc sp_flickimp
@Colour varchar(6),
@Type varchar(6)
as
Select Location, sum(total_number)
From [Busobjects].Cap_plan.dbo.tbl_information as tbl
Where tbl.colour = @colour --this would be orange
and tbl.type = @type --this would be monkey
Group by Location

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Question by:flickimp1717
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5 Comments
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:JimFive
ID: 20315959
What I do is:  I have a worksheet for my sp results.  I have a routine called RunStoredProcedure.  After executing this routine you have a named range that you can use to define your pivottable.

I call the routine like this:
ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("Parameters").Activate
ContractID = Cells(2, 2).Value
Begindate = Cells(3, 2).Value
EndDate = Cells(4, 2).Value

ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("NCRaw").Activate
RunStoredProcedure "NCCurrent", "NaturalClassXL2", Cells(2, 1), "@ContractID", ContractID, _
                        "@BeginDate", Begindate, "@EndDate", EndDate

NCCurrent is the name to use for the range
NaturalClassXL2 is the Stored Procedure Name
Cells(2,1) is the location to put the results

Const cnstr = "Provider='sqloledb';Data Source='SERVERNAME';Initial Catalog='DatabaseName';Integrated Security='SSPI';"
 
Sub RunStoredProcedure(RangeName As String, spname As String, ResultLocation As Range, ParamArray ArgList() As Variant)
'ParamArray should be list of Paramname and Value
'Returns a list of output parameter names and values
 
Dim cn As New ADODB.Connection
Dim cmd As New ADODB.Command
Dim rs As ADODB.Recordset
 
Dim CurrentCell As Range
 
 
If UBound(ArgList) Mod 2 = 0 Then
    MsgBox "Invalid Argument List in RunStoredProcedure - Contact Database Administrator"
    Exit Sub
End If
 
Set CurrentCell = ResultLocation ' .Row, ResultLocation.Column)
 
cn.ConnectionString = cnstr
cn.Open
cn.CommandTimeout = 300
Set cmd.ActiveConnection = cn
 
cmd.CommandText = spname
cmd.CommandType = adCmdStoredProc
cmd.CommandTimeout = 300
cmd.Parameters.Refresh
 
For i = 0 To UBound(ArgList) Step 2
    cmd(ArgList(i)) = ArgList(i + 1)
Next
 
Set rs = cmd.Execute
 
' Print Field Names
For i = 0 To rs.Fields.Count - 1
    CurrentCell.Value = rs.Fields(i).Name
    Set CurrentCell = Cells(CurrentCell.Row, CurrentCell.Column + 1)
Next
 
While Not rs.EOF
    Set CurrentCell = Cells(CurrentCell.Row + 1, ResultLocation.Column)
    For i = 0 To rs.Fields.Count - 1
        CurrentCell.Value = rs.Fields(i).Value
        Set CurrentCell = Cells(CurrentCell.Row, CurrentCell.Column + 1)
    Next
    rs.movenext
Wend
 
'Define Named Ranges
ActiveWorkbook.Names.Add RangeName, Range(ResultLocation, CurrentCell)
For i = 0 To rs.Fields.Count - 1
    ActiveWorkbook.Names.Add RangeName & Replace(rs.Fields(i).Name, " ", ""), Range(Cells(ResultLocation.Row, ResultLocation.Column + i), Cells(CurrentCell.Row, ResultLocation.Column + i))
Next
 
rs.Close
cn.Close
Set rs = Nothing
Set cmd = Nothing
Set cn = Nothing
 
End Sub

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Author Comment

by:flickimp1717
ID: 20333308
Thanks for this, but I am not overly confident with VB and don't undertsand where my detials would go.

Could you not show me the above but with my relevant details from the code I pasted above?

This is critically urgent now.

Been to 5 different forums  and all have come with different answers.....but none are easy for me to understand...

Lost....
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LVL 15

Accepted Solution

by:
JimFive earned 500 total points
ID: 20344890
In the code area, the first line needs your database connection info. All the rest of the code is generic.

Make a worksheet to hold the sp results

Create a command button to execute the sp.
The code for the command button should have

-------BEGIN CODE------------
ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("<Arguments WorkSheet>").Activate
Arg1 = Cells(2, 2).Value   ' Cells for Arguments
Arg2  = Cells(3, 2).Value  
Arg3 = Cells(4, 2).Value

ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("<ResultsWorksheet>").Activate
RunStoredProcedure "ResultAreaName", "StoredProcedureName", Cells(2, 1), "@Param1", Arg1,"@Param2", Arg2, "@Param3", Arg3

------END CODE
ResultAreaName is used to name the range of the results, use this name for defining your pivottable

Cells(2,1) is the location to put the results in the ResultsWorksheet Anywhere is usually ok unless you are doing a lot of ranges then you need to make sure they don't overlap.
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