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Easy C++ question

Posted on 2007-11-20
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Last Modified: 2010-04-01
If you have a function that takes a char* as one of its arguments, and then call that function passing in a string, will it be null terminated?  If not, how do you get the length of the string?

For example, if your function looks like this:
void Foo(char *bar)
{
     int i=strlen(bar);
}

...and you called it like this:
Foo("Hello, World")     //Note the lack of an explicit null terminator

Would strlen() in the Foo function get an accurate count since it requires a null terminator?  If not, how would I be able to get the count?
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Question by:cuziyq
3 Comments
 
LVL 20

Accepted Solution

by:
ikework earned 50 total points
ID: 20320264
>> Foo("Hello, World")     //Note the lack of an explicit null terminator

the compiler adds a terminating zero-byte to string-constants, so there is an termination zero-byte and strlen will work ..

ike
0
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:DeepuAbrahamK
ID: 20320300
strlen() checks for null termination and gets the length, However the method you have written may succeed but it is dangerous to pass like the way you have mentioned.

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <dos.h>

int main( void )
{
   char buffer[61] = "How long am I?";
   int  len;
   len = strlen( buffer );
   printf( "'%s' is %d characters long\n", buffer, len );
}

//--------------------------
you can do like this
void Foo(char *bar)
{
     char buff[MAX_BUFF]; //if you know the buffer length #define MAX_BUFF 100

     if(bar)
      strcpy(buff,bar);
     int i=strlen(bar);
}

Best Regards,
DeepuAbrahamK
0
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 20320516
>> but it is dangerous to pass like the way you have mentioned.

or :

void Foo(const char *bar) {
     int i = strlen(bar);
}

Foo("Hello, World");
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