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Late bindingan ActiveX component

Posted on 2007-11-21
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Last Modified: 2008-02-01
Hi experts,

In Belgium everybody gets an ID card with a chip on it containing basic personal information (name, adress etc.) You can buy a very cheap reader that comes with the necessary ActiveX components to link it to your application. I managed to integrate this into my Access 2003 application and it works just fine.

However, if I run my (compiled) application on a machine where the dll's were not installed, it crashes without mercy. Not all my customers have a reader, so that's no good. I looked into late binding, but that throws me an "ActiveX component can't create object"  error. So my question is, is it possible to do late binding on an ActiveX component?

This is the working code I would like to convert to late binding.
----------------------------
Sub TestEID()
Dim EIDlib1 As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.EIDlib
Dim lhandle As Long

Dim RetStatus As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.RetStatus
Dim MapColPicture As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.MapCollection
Dim MapColID As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.MapCollection
Dim MapColAddress As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.MapCollection
Dim CertifCheck As New EIDLIBCTRLLib.CertifCheck

Dim strName As String
Dim strFirstName1 As String
Dim strBirthPlace As String
Dim strBirthDate As String
Dim strGender As String
Dim strNationality As String
Dim strNationalNumber As String

Dim strStreet As String
Dim strZipcode As String
Dim strMunicipality As String

Dim Pasfoto_Temp As Variant

Set RetStatus = EIDlib1.Init("", 0, 0, lhandle)

Set RetStatus = EIDlib1.GetID(MapColID, CertifCheck)

strName = MapColID.GetValue("Name")
strFirstName1 = MapColID.GetValue("FirstName1")
strBirthDate = MapColID.GetValue("BirthDate")
strBirthPlace = MapColID.GetValue("BirthPlace")
strGender = MapColID.GetValue("Gender")
strNationality = MapColID.GetValue("Nationality")
strNationalNumber = MapColID.GetValue("NationalNumber")

Set RetStatus = EIDlib1.GetAddress(MapColAddress, CertifCheck)

strStreet = MapColAddress.GetValue("Street")
strZipcode = MapColAddress.GetValue("ZIPCode")
strMunicipality = MapColAddress.GetValue("Municipality")

Set RetStatus = EIDlib1.GetPicture(MapColPicture, CertifCheck)
Pasfoto_Temp = MapColPicture.GetValue("Picture")

Set RetStatus = EIDlib1.Exit

MsgBox strName & ", " & strFirstName1 & vbCrLf & _
                      strStreet & vbCrLf & _
                      strZipcode & "        " & strMunicipality & vbCrLf, vbOKOnly
End Sub
---------------------------------

thanks,
Michiel
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Question by:altiplano
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Expert Comment

by:peter57r
Comment Utility
I don't think i understand the point here.
How does late binding help if the components aren't installed?
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Author Comment

by:altiplano
Comment Utility
If the card reader isn't installed, the button to read the card should be hidden. I did something similar with Word. If Word is installed, my Access application displays a button that allows the user to merge data into a Word document. With early binding, the application would crash on workstations that do not have Word installed (or a different version).

In the same sence I would think that by using late binding I could prevent the application from crashing on workstations without the card reader.
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Expert Comment

by:tbsgadi
Comment Utility
Hi altiplano,

You should use conditional compilation

Good Luck!

Gary
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Expert Comment

by:tbsgadi
Comment Utility
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Author Comment

by:altiplano
Comment Utility
Thanks Gary,
However, AFAIK conditional compilation is not possible in VBA (Access).
Michiel
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Accepted Solution

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tbsgadi earned 500 total points
Comment Utility
Sorry but I use it in Access all the time!
From the VBA help...

Understanding Conditional Compilation
   

You can use conditional compilation to run blocks of code selectively, for example, debugging statements comparing the speed of different approaches to the same programming task, or localizing an application for different languages.

You declare a conditional compiler constant in code with the #Const directive, and you denote blocks of code to be conditionally compiled with the #If...Then...#Else directive. The following example runs debug code or production code, based on the value of the conDebug variable.

' Declare public compilation constant in Declarations section.
#Const conDebug = 1

Sub SelectiveExecution()
    #If conDebug = 1 Then
        .                ' Run code with debugging statements.
        .
        .
    #Else
        .                ' Run normal code.
        .
        .
    #End If
End Sub

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Expert Comment

by:tbsgadi
Comment Utility
You can also set it from VBA - Tools - Properties
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Author Comment

by:altiplano
Comment Utility
Nice, I didn't know that!
It isn't quite the solution I was hoping for,but it certainly is a work around.
regards,
Michiel
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Expert Comment

by:tbsgadi
Comment Utility
Glad to help!
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