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System.Drawing font with background color

Posted on 2007-11-21
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Last Modified: 2013-12-16
I have some in a class that puts text onto an image.  I want the ability to put a solid background behind the text but I'm having trouble getting the width to be the correct width (it's always too long).  I've tried change the unit and can't get it quiet right, anyone know what I'm missing (which is probably something simple)?  Or, another way to phrase the question is, how do I get the length of the text in a format that FillRectangle matches up with?  My snippet is in VB but I'll take either VB or C# suggestions, language is irrelevant for my purposes.
Dim Image As New Bitmap(_fileName)
Dim Gr As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(Image)
Dim Brush As New System.Drawing.SolidBrush(_color)
Gr.FillRectangle(Brushes.Blue, _x, _y, (_font.SizeInPoints * _text.Length), _font.Height)
Gr.DrawString(Text, _font, Brush, _x, _y)

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Question by:IUFITS
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Accepted Solution

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PaulHews earned 1800 total points
ID: 20330133
Use MeasureString:
Dim Image As New Bitmap(_fileName)
Dim Gr As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(Image)
Dim Brush As New System.Drawing.SolidBrush(_color)
Dim rectSize As SizeF = Gr.MeasureString(Text, _font)
Gr.FillRectangle(Brushes.Blue, _x, _y, rectSize.Width, rectSize.Height)
Gr.DrawString(Text, _font, Brush, _x, _y)

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Expert Comment

by:Jaime Olivares
ID: 20330158
use MeasureString first:

Dim size As SizeF = Gr.MeasureString(Text, _font)

Then draw the rectangle:

Gr.FillRectangle(Brushes.Blue, _x, _y, size.Wdith, size.Height)
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LVL 55

Expert Comment

by:Jaime Olivares
ID: 20330166
Sorry, too slow typing.
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Assisted Solution

by:wizrr
wizrr earned 200 total points
ID: 20330374
You can use MeasureCharacterRanges.
http://www.developingstorm.com/2005/12/net-headache-measurestring.php

You also can use System.Windows.Forms.TextRenderer - text drawn/measured by this class is more accurate and fast.

Sometimes when you measuring string with spaces and same symbols "          aaaaaa" and "          aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa" using MeasureString or MeasureCharacterRanges - you can get different measurement  of same character ranges (but this two strings with range from 2nd character to 16nd character is same) - this is known issue in .NET 1.0\1.1. Solution is to use StringFormat.GenericTypographic and Graphics.TextRenderingHint == TextRenderingHint.AntiAliasGridFit . TextRenderer is new in .NET 2.0 and can solve this problem also, but you can't paint gradiented text with it.
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Expert Comment

by:PaulHews
ID: 20330537
The tiny extra space in MeasureString is fine for this application.  It adds space in the rectangle around the text.
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