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Converting a String to Int[]

Posted on 2007-11-22
10
Medium Priority
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Last Modified: 2007-11-22
I have the code below, and I am having some weird behaviour when trying to convert a string to an int array. I know all values in the string are numbers and would just like to convert them into an int array so I can do some LUHN checking.

Some issues

The first digit in convert is 4
when I do:

char test = convert[i];

I get 52'4'

where 52 is the ASCII value for 4.

System.Convert.ToInt32(convert[i])

I get 52 where I am really looking for 4.


If I do:

Any ideas?
public static int[] ConvertString(string convert)
        {
            int[] digits = new int[convert.length];
 
            for (int i = 0; i < convert.Length; i++)
            {
                digits[i] = System.Convert.ToInt32(convert[i]);
            }
 
            return digits;
        }

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Question by:directxBOB
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10 Comments
 
LVL 7

Expert Comment

by:lucky_james
ID: 20334292
52'4'....
you need 4...you have got 52.
then you can find for ' and have 4.
you can you IndexOf method of string class, get this 4 in another string and can convert the new formed string to integer.
0
 
LVL 7

Expert Comment

by:lucky_james
ID: 20334304
seems like you want only 4 then you can use :
str.Remove(0, str.IndexOf("'')); // this would remove 52'
str.Substring(0, str.Length -1); // this would remove last '
now str would have 4 only.

hope it helps.
0
 
LVL 55

Expert Comment

by:Jaime Olivares
ID: 20334310
The best way is to use string.Split() method to separate elements, and a List to build the array dynamically:
public static int[] ConvertString(string convert)
{
    string[] elems = convert.Split('\'');
    List<int> list = new List<int>;
 
    foreach (string s in elems)
    {
         if (s.Length > 0)
              list.Add(Convert.ToInt32(s));
    }
    return list.ToArray();
}

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LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 20334312
I believe that this function will be better for you I have just made.  This will only add digits to an int array and not fallover if your string to convert is l9ike 123456H

Andrew
        static int[] ConvertString(string convert)
        {
            List<int> intList = new List<int>();
            foreach (char c in convert)
            {
                if (char.IsDigit(c))
                    intList.Add((Int32)Char.GetNumericValue(c));
            }
            return intList.ToArray();
        }

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0
 
LVL 40

Accepted Solution

by:
evilrix earned 1600 total points
ID: 20334314
Subract '0' from the char returned by convert[i]
public static int[] ConvertString(string convert)
{
    int[] digits = new int[convert.Length];
 
    for (int i = 0; i < convert.Length; i++)
    {
        digits[i] = System.Convert.ToInt32(convert[i] - '0');
    }
 
    return digits;
}
static void Main(string[] args)
{
    ConvertString("01234");
}

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0
 
LVL 20

Assisted Solution

by:REA_ANDREW
REA_ANDREW earned 400 total points
ID: 20334318
Oh and

Char.GetNumericValue

Solves that issue you are experiencing about the code being returned and not the actual value of the char

Andrew :-)
0
 

Author Comment

by:directxBOB
ID: 20334338
char x = 9;    //Character '9' = ASCII 57
int b;

b = x - '0';   //That is '9' - '0' = 57 - 48 = 9
0
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 20334406
Bit of useless info but comparing both my function and that of evilrix , which both work I might point out, BUT

I am surprised to see that evilrix's function is on average 3.9 milliseconds faster than mine.  

foreach loops just have performance hits everywhere lol
0
 
LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:evilrix
ID: 20334443
I suspect the difference is the overhead in calling Char.GetNumericValue and Char.IsDigit
0
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:REA_ANDREW
ID: 20334451
true :-)

0

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