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Sorting form pairs in perl

Posted on 2007-11-26
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Last Modified: 2013-12-25
I am parsing form pairs from a web form, but can not figure out how to then sort them alphabetically.  Here is the code I am using below.

I have tried   @form = sort @form;
but that doesn't seem to work.  

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sub form_parse  {
      read (STDIN, $buffer, $ENV{'CONTENT_LENGTH'});
      @pairs = split(/&/, $buffer);


      foreach $pair (@pairs)
      {
          ($name, $value) = split(/=/, $pair);
          $value =~ tr/+/ /;
          $value =~ s/%([a-fA-F0-9][a-fA-F0-9])/pack("C", hex($1))/eg;
          $form{$name} = $value;
      }}
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Question by:webcs
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6 Comments
 
LVL 39

Accepted Solution

by:
Adam314 earned 225 total points
ID: 20353887
You should use the CGI module to parse the form.

But that aside:
You have a hash %form, this is a completly different variable from @form.
If you want to get the keys sorted:
@keys = sort keys %form.
0
 
LVL 48

Assisted Solution

by:Tintin
Tintin earned 150 total points
ID: 20354630
To expand on Adam's comments.

Only use your own CGI parser if you are 101% familiar with the full CGI specifications and all the various gotchas from none compliant browsers and web servers.

The standard Perl CGI module takes all of this into account.

The code for doing the sorting would be:


#!/usr/bin/perl
use strict;
use CGI;
my $q = new CGI;
my @keywords = sort $q->param;
 
print $q->header('text/plain');
 
foreach my $key (@keywords) {
  print "Keyword: $key\n";
}

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0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:webcs
ID: 20358279
Adam I inserted

@keys = sort keys %form;

at the end and it didn't change the order at all.
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 20358329
It doesn't change %form, but it changes @keys
What are you doing with @keys and %form that did not change?
0
 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 20358360
see
perldoc -q "sort a hash"
ans perhaps
perldoc Tie::IxHash
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:webcs
ID: 20358890
Ok your replies led me in the right direction, as I just looked up HASH sort and got lots of info on google.

Ended up using this:

      foreach $key (sort keys %form) {
         # Print the name and value pairs in FORM array to MAIL.
         print MAIL "$key: $form{$key}";
         }

Thanks for the help.  For everyone reference that sorts alphabetically upwards on the key.  thanks
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