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search box in access 2003

Posted on 2007-11-27
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Last Modified: 2012-08-13
my main table has firstname, lastname, medicalnumber, ...
on my form view, i have all these fields plus whatever fields of additional subforms. i would like to create a textbox and a command button where user can enter either firstname, lastname or medicalnumber and search for record that matches either one of these fields.

does it how you normally do? another way is to have additional combo box where user can select first name or last name or medical number and then search. would this be more efficient? please advise
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Question by:cuc888
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Expert Comment

by:pmn4004
ID: 20364428
hi,
when you want to add search box you have to add three textbox in order to use each of them for searching one of the mentioned fields. if you want to add one text box you have to select in which field you want to search. the easiest way is to add three combo box by wizard.
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Garbi4332 earned 500 total points
ID: 20365357
I would generally create a query as the data source for the form.  The query's WHERE clause can compare search text to ([LastName] LIKE ("%" + [Form]![FormName]![SearchTextBoxName] + "%")) OR ([FirstName] LIKE ("%" + [Form]![FormName]![SearchTextBoxName] + "%")) OR ([MedicalNumber] LIKE ("%" + [Form]![FormName]![SearchTextBoxName] + "%")).  If nothing is entered in the search text box, this should return all records (the exact syntax might be slightly different than what I just listed depending on whether your tables are in Access or in SQL Server).  Simply have the search button's Click event do a Me.Requery.

This may return multiple records, of course, depending on the search criteria.

Also, you could use a parameterized query (or preferably a Stored Procedure if you are working with an .adp project with a SQL back-end) and simply enter [Form]![FormName]![SearchTextBoxName] in the Input Parameters property of the form's property dialog box (on the Data tab).  The query (in Access) would look something like this:

PARAMETERS [@SearchText] Text (255);
SELECT
  *
FROM
  TableWhatever
WHERE
  (LastName LIKE ("*" + [@SearchText] + "*")) OR
  (FirstName LIKE ("*" + [@SearchText] + "*")) OR
  (MedicalNumber LIKE ("*" + [@SearchText] + "*"))

I'm assuming that MedicalNumber is a text-based field.  If it's a number field, we might have to make a slight adjustment to that last line.  The square brackets are important - don't leave them out.  Access uses asterisks (*) as it's wildcard character.  If you're using a SQL Stored Procedure, the query (minus the PARAMETERS clause at the beginning) is the same but use percentage symbols (%) as wildcards instead.
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