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Creating a SQL statement with a max in the select statement and a max in the sub-query

I am attempting to return rows from several tables.  For example:
Student                                           Degree
Student_ID    Student_Name          Degree_ID     Student_ID   Degree_Major     Degree_Qual  
1                    Michael Jackson      1                    1                  Fianance             Bachelor
2                    Janet Jackson         2                    1                  Economics           Bachelor
3                    Tito Jackson            3                    2                  Math                    Master
                                                      4                    3                 English                 Doctorate    

Institution
Institute_ID    Student_ID    Institute_Name     Institute_GradDate
1                    1                   GSU                    05/15/2007
2                   3                    FSU                     07/22/2007
3                   2                    OSU                    03/31/2006
4                   1                    TSU                     12/15/2007
5                   2                    OU                       07/15/2006

As you can see, Student is the master table and is a foreigh column in the other tables.  If a student is listed more than once, then it implies that the student switched majors or transferred to a new school.  

I need the Student_Name, Degree_Mafor, Degree_Qual, and Institute_Name for each student who graduated/will graduae this year.

Result
Michael Jackson Economics  Bachelor     TSU
Tito Jackson       English        Doctorate    FSU

I am trying to avoid several sub-queries for the max id for each student-table combo.  Right now I have:
Select
    (sub-query
           (sub-query
                  (sub-query)))
WHERE      (YEAR(Institute.Institute_GradDate) = YEAR(GETDATE()))
group by

Each sub-query represents the max id for waech student for each table (I have six tables that I am getting the data from hence there will be five sub-queries).

Any suggestions?  If this doesn't make sense, let me know.  
0
VibertH
Asked:
VibertH
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1 Solution
 
JimFiveCommented:
How about a WHERE EXISTS

Select * from Students
where Exists (Select * from Institute Where Students.StudentID = Institute.StudentID and Year(Institute.Institute_GradDate) = Year(GetDate())
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VibertHAuthor Commented:
But remember I need the max id where table1.stuId = table2.StuID.  Keep in mind, in all of the table, except the master table, there can be multiple rows for each student and I need the most recen entry.  Since getting the project, I have added date stamps for any additions and modifications, but the old records do not have this date stamp.  
0
 
JimFiveCommented:
Select s.Student_Name, s.Degree_Mafor, s.Degree_Qual, i.institute_Name
FROM Student s
INNER JOIN Institution i
ON s.StudentID = i.StudentID
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT studentID, max(Year(GradDate)) FROM INSTITUTE i2 where i2.StudentID = s.StudentID group by studentid having Max(Year(GradDate)) = Year(GetDate())

--
JimFive
0
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VibertHAuthor Commented:
Take a look at my tables.  Notices that the degree and institution tables have multiple records for one student.  I am not concerned with the max date but the most recent transfer of a student or major change.  therefore the max would be on degree_id and institute_id.  

See where I am going now?

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VibertHAuthor Commented:
SELECT     MAX(dg.Degree_ID) AS maxStu, dg.Student_ID, dg.Degree_DegreeLevel, dg.Degree_Major
FROM         Degree dg INNER JOIN
                          (SELECT     MAX(Institute_ID) AS MaxInst, Student_ID
                            FROM          Institute
                            GROUP BY Student_ID) maxINST ON dg.Student_ID = maxINST.MaxInst
WHERE     (YEAR(dg.Degree_RetDate) >= YEAR(GETDATE())) AND (YEAR(dg.Degree_ExpGradDate) >= YEAR(GETDATE()))
GROUP BY dg.Student_ID, dg.Degree_ExpDegree, dg.Degree_Program


Something more like this.
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JimFiveCommented:
whate is degree_retdate?
0
 
VibertHAuthor Commented:
SELECT     MAX(dg.Degree_ID) AS maxStu, dg.Student_ID, dg.Degree_DegreeLevel, dg.Degree_Major
FROM         Degree dg INNER JOIN
                          (SELECT     MAX(Institute_ID) AS MaxInst, Student_ID
                            FROM          Institute
                            GROUP BY Student_ID) maxINST ON dg.Student_ID = maxINST.MaxInst
WHERE      (YEAR(dg.Degree_ExpGradDate) >= YEAR(GETDATE()))
GROUP BY dg.Student_ID, dg.Degree_ExpDegree, dg.Degree_Program

Here is the sample data

Student
Sudent_ID      Student_FullName
111      James Bond
112      Claire Esteban
113      Tim Bob-Billy
114      Wesley Snipes

Degree
Degree_ID      Student_ID      Degree_Major   Degree_DegreeLevel      Degree_GradDate
123      111      Science          Bachelor            2/2/2009
124      112      Math          Doctorate            4/23/2009
125      113      English          Certificate            3/12/2010
126      111      Poly-Science    Bachelor            12/16/2007
127      114      Math                 Bachelor            8/26/2007

Institute
Institute_ID      Student_ID      Institute_Name
134      111      GSU
135      112      FSU
136      111      FSU      
137      113      FAMU
138      114      AU
139      111      AU

These are my tables.  In the degree table, sudent 111 has changed his degree once.  
In the Institute table, studen 111 has changed schools twice.
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JimFiveCommented:
select studentid, studentname, degree_major, degree_degreelevel, degree_GradDate, institute_name
FROM
(select studentid,  max(instituteID), max(degree_graddate)
from student inner join degree on student.studentid = degree.studentid
inner join institute on student.studentid = institute.studentid) t
inner join degree on t.student_id = degree.student_id and degree.Degree_gradDate = t.Degree_GradDate
inner join institute on t.studentid = institute.student_id and t.institute_id = institute.institute_id

--
JimFive
0
 
VibertHAuthor Commented:
Again, I don't want the max grad date.  just the max instituteID, degreeId, and the maxID for the other tables for the each student.  (There are other tables I need info from.  This is jus a subset.)

I'll try something like this and get back to you.
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VibertHAuthor Commented:
Again, I don't want the max grad date.  just the max instituteID, degreeId, and the maxID for the other tables for the each student who graduated for the current year.  (There are other tables I need info from.  This is jus a subset.)

I'll try something like this and get back to you.
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VibertHAuthor Commented:
Not quite there, but getting close.  It's returning multiple instances of one of the max-es.  (I am using the live data and have not tested it against the sample tables.)  I'll keep chugging at it til I can get it.  This is way cleaner than using multiple sub-queries.
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VibertHAuthor Commented:
Ok, JimFive, I think using your statement and cleaning it up a little works.

FYI - I made a slight change:

select studentid, studentname, degree_major, degree_degreelevel,  institute_name
FROM
(select studentid,  max(instituteID), max(degree_graddate)
from student inner join degree on student.studentid = degree.studentid
inner join institute on student.studentid = institute.studentid) t
inner join degree on t.student_id = degree.student_id and degree.Degree_ID= t.Degree_ID
inner join institute on t.studentid = institute.student_id and t.institute_id = institute.institute_id
WHERE     (YEAR(Degree.Degree_GradDate) >= YEAR(GETDATE()))

Without 'and degree.Degree_ID= t.Degree_ID' duplicate records were returned.   So I've expanded on this statement and it works.  

Thanks a bunch

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