MD5 hash differs in Java and PHP

Posted on 2007-12-06
Last Modified: 2008-03-19
I really need halp getting the Java MD5 and PHP MD5 yield the same result.

In PHP I simply use thins: md5($string);

In Java I use this:
try {
                  hash = snStr+authStr;
                  byte defaultBytes[] = hash.getBytes();
                  MessageDigest algorithm = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
                  byte messageDigest[] = algorithm.digest();

                  StringBuffer hexString = new StringBuffer();
                  for (byte aMessageDigest : messageDigest) {
                    // We need to pad small values with an extra zero:
                    int val = 0xff & aMessageDigest;
                    if (val < 16)
                  hash = hexString.toString();
            } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException nsae) {

I have also tried withouth the padding.

The even more strange thing is that for short strings the two MD5:s are the same but if the string to be hashed are longer than around 10 chars I will get two different results

Thank you very much for your help!
Question by:andtor
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LVL 86

Accepted Solution

CEHJ earned 84 total points
ID: 20418711
String hash = new java.math.BigInteger(1, messageDigest).toString(16);

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Assisted Solution

arioh earned 83 total points
ID: 20418873
take a look at 2nd comment at
LVL 86

Expert Comment

ID: 20420333
Make sure that the same character encoding is being used in each case. hash.getBytes() will use the encoding of System.getProperty("file.encoding");
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LVL 92

Assisted Solution

objects earned 83 total points
ID: 20424080

Author Comment

ID: 20440416
CEHJ: that yields exactly the same output. When I try System.getProperty("file.encoding"); I get Cp1252 back.

The problem is that the php side is already complete and will not be changed. I can see that MD5(string) has been used and not MD5(string, true). So I really need to make the Java side to create the same output as the php does. Any suggstions on how to do this?

LVL 92

Expert Comment

ID: 20440439
did u try the code i posted?

> byte defaultBytes[] = hash.getBytes();

also try changing that to:

byte defaultBytes[] = hash.getBytes("UTF8");
LVL 86

Expert Comment

ID: 20440509
Can we have some side-by-side examples of input/output on both please

Author Comment

ID: 20440540
Hello. Have got access to the php code now and can see that the php programmer did not actually follow the specification (did not make all chars to lowercase bfore md5...) Sorry to have bothereed u with this, was extremely painfull to sort out the bug when I could not see the php code.

Please divide the points equally to the once that tried to help me.
LVL 86

Expert Comment

ID: 20440644
>>Please divide the points equally to the once that tried to help me.

You'll have to do that i'm afraid ;-)

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