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using grep to insert a character

Posted on 2007-12-06
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Last Modified: 2010-04-21
I have a list of 500 words like this: (1 word per line)

word 1
word 2
word 3

etc..

I would like to ad an * before and after every word so it will look  like this:

*word 1*
*word 2*
*word 3*

is there a way to do this with grep?
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Question by:danomatic
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14 Comments
 
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by:Kdo
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Hi danomatic,

Not with grep, but sed or awk will do it quite easily

  sed 's/^/*/; s/$/*/' myfile > newfile


Good Luck,
Kent
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by:danomatic
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kdo, that works to put an * in front of the word but does not put it on the end.  Can that code be adjusted to put one at the end too?
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Kdo earned 500 total points
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Hi danomatic,

Hmmm.....  

  s/$/*/

That should put an asterisk before the end-of-line.

The file is one word per line, isn't it?


Kent
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by:Kdo
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Hi danomatic,

What flavor of unix are you using?


Kent
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by:Tintin
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This will work.
 sed 's/\(.*\)/*\1*/' file >newfile

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by:danomatic
Comment Utility
I am using terminal in OS X
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by:danomatic
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ok, now for some reason it does this:

*word1
*
*word2
*
word3
*

so an extra line break is being put in
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Expert Comment

by:omarfarid
Comment Utility
Hi,

Try

ed myfile <<END
1,$ s/^/*
1,$ s/$/*
w
q
END
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by:danomatic
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well that still puts the trailing * on a new line of its own...
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by:omarfarid
Comment Utility
Try

Modified version :)

ed myfile <<END
1,$ s/^/\*
1,$ s/$/\*
w
q
END
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by:ozo
Comment Utility
I'm testing
sed 's/^/*/; s/$/*/'
using terminal in OS X
and getting
*word 1*
*word 2*
*word 3*
Could there be something else in the file?
can you show
cat -vet file
and
cat -vet newfile
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by:Tintin
Comment Utility
In addition to ozo's request, could you also post a few lines of the output from

od -c file
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by:ghostdog74
Comment Utility
try this
awk '{ gsub(/\r\n|\n/,"");print "*"$0"*"}' file

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by:Kdo
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I suspect that the file is DOS formatted, with a silly carriage return beside the newline character.

I don't know OS X well enough to know if you have dos2unix (sometimes d2u).  If so, convert the file first.

dos2unix {oldfile} > newfile
d2u {oldfile} > newfile

If not, one of these sed scripts should work for you:

 sed 's/.$//' {oldfile} > newfile
 sed 's/^M$//' {oldfile} > newfile
 sed 's/\x0D$//' {oldfile} > newfile

Note that the first script will remove the last character of the line so if the file is not DOS formatted, all of the text will be 1 character short.  (Since the file is being written elsewhere, this is just a debugging phenomenon and nothing is really damaged.)

Then follow up with the originally posted sed script

  sed 's/^/*/; s/$/*/' {newfile} > newerfile


Good Luck,
Kent
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