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How do i debug triggers?

Posted on 2007-12-07
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Last Modified: 2012-08-14
I've got an insert trigger but for some reason its failing - whats the best way to debug and get to the route of this problem?

THe problem i have is that i'm using SQL 2005s new INSERTED table and think it maybe related - but as a consequence i'm finding this very difficult to reproduce
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Question by:paulCardiff
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4 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 20426893
>I've got an insert trigger but for some reason its failing
any error message(s) ? or does it simply "not work"?

trigger code? relevant table descriptions?
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Assisted Solution

by:scorpiia
scorpiia earned 100 total points
ID: 20426913
you can insert "print" command in your trigger scripts, it will display the result in the query result window
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Author Comment

by:paulCardiff
ID: 20427010
Hi Angell here the exact code - any advice would be much appreciated
set ANSI_NULLS ON
set QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
go
 
Create TRIGGER [dbo].[trgInsert]
ON [TABLE1].[dbo].[Customer]
FOR INSERT
AS 
 
BEGIN TRANSACTION
DECLARE @ERR INT
DECLARE @CompanyId INT
 
		-----------------------------
		-- INSERT INTO COMPANY
		-----------------------------
		INSERT INTO TABLE2.[dbo].[Company]
           ([IsActive]
           ,[Name]
           ,[DefaultEmail]
           ,[CreatedDate]
           ,[useDefaultMTA]
           ,Field1
           ,Field2
           ,Field3
           ,Field4
           ,Field5
           ,Field6
           ,Field7
           ,Field8
           ,Field9
           ,Field10
           ,Field11
           ,Field12
           ,Field13
           ,Field14
           ,Field15
           ,Field16
           ,Field17
           ,Field18
           ,Field19
           ,Field20
           ,Field21
           ,Field22
           ,Field23
           ,Field24
           ,Field25
           ,Field26
           ,Field27
           ,Field28)		
		SELECT
			1,
			a.Company,
			a.Email,
			getdate(),
			1,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			null,
			1,
			1,
			1,
			1,
			0		
		FROM INSERTED i -- direct copy
			INNER JOIN dbo.Address a on i.BillingAddressID = a.AddressID
	     
		set @CompanyId = @@identity
		-----------------------------
		-- INSERT INTO USER
		-----------------------------
 
        INSERT INTO [TABLE2].[dbo].[User]
           ([FirstName]
           ,[LastName]
           ,[Email]
           ,[Address]
           ,[Country]
           ,[City]
           ,[County]
           ,[PostCode]
           ,[PhoneNumber]
           ,[Gender]
           ,Field1
           ,Field2
           ,Field3
           ,Field4 
           ,Field5
           ,Field6
           ,Field7
           ,Field8
           ,Field9
           ,Field10
           ,Field11)
 
        SELECT
			i.FirstName, --[FirstName]
			i.LastName, --[LastName]
			i.Email, --[Email]
            a.Address1,-----------[Address]  
            a.Country,-----------[Country]
            a.City,-----------[City]
            a.State,-----------[County]
            a.Zip,-----------[PostCode]
			i.Phone, --
			Gender, --
			0, --
			1, --
			CustomerGUID, --
			@CompanyId, --
			null, --
			null, --
			null, --
			LastIPAddress, --
			0, --
			0, --
			3 --
 
		FROM INSERTED i -- direct copy
			INNER JOIN dbo.Address a on i.BillingAddressID = a.AddressID
 
SET @ERR = @@Error
IF @ERR = 0    
             BEGIN
				ROLLBACK TRANSACTION 
             END
ELSE
             BEGIN
				COMMIT TRANSACTION
             END

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LVL 143

Accepted Solution

by:
Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 400 total points
ID: 20427029
>set @CompanyId = @@identity
should really be SCOPE_IDENTITY()

now, will the insert potentially insert multiple records? scope_identity() will only return 1 value...
if that first insert can insert multiple rows, you will need the new sql server 2005 concept of the OUTPUT clause:
http://www.databasejournal.com/features/mssql/article.php/3598636

note: when using a ROLLBACK inside a trigger, it will rollback also the outer transaction.
you should consider removing BEGIN TRANSACTION and COMMIT, and only keep the ROLLBACK in case of problems...
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