Microsoft Licensing Set up?

Hello IT Experts,

I have 4  servers (details below) in my network and 24 client computers ( Most clients have XP Pro with about 3 that have 2000
2 Windows 2000 servers one of which is the DC with exchange and the web site, the others are a fax server, and remote server
1 windows 2003 server which is the new one I am in process of setting up.  This will be our SQL server.

How should I have my CALs licesing setup?? (obviously the least licenses that I have to purchase the better.

The DC is using Microsoft SBS and when I bring up the licensing it says unlimited with 31 in uses plus 5 for Terminal Services.

I just found the licensing is actually in the remote server 45 total Server CAL's, 30 for the DC, 10 for the Fax Server, and 5 for the remote.  I am showing that of the 45 that a negative 13 have been reached.  Not sure what this means.  Because when I go into it farther it has Server - 30 with 19 reached, Server2  - 10 purchased with 12 reached, remote server - 5 with 5 reached.  They are all server CAL's.  I also have 30 CAL's purchased for Exchange server with 10 reached.  When I add all this together I do not come up  with the negative 13 that it has.

The the new 2003 server I purchased 15 CAL's  I am now wondering if I even need them.  And in setting up this server should I set it up as per server or per device/user?

Then, I would like to know how many CAL's I should have for my network???  Can I get less? Should I have the servers in per server more? per user mode?  Not even sure if this is possible with Server 2000.  What would be my best bet as far as having my licensing setup?? Thanks for your help
mak3366Asked:
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lnkevinConnect With a Mentor Commented:
CAL license is using for your client connect to the servers. Number of user login AD is counted again the CAL usage.
For SBS, you don't need to have CAL for your Exchange and SQL since it comes in a bundle of SBS CAL license use of server service such as Exchange, SQL does not activate CALs.
For your new SQL server (separate from SBS), you don't need that many CAL license because most of the time, SQL only connect to application a few servers. You only need to get device CALs for the server that SQL connected to.
For 24 clients computer (assuming 24 users), you need 24 CAL license for your SBS. You can get 30 licenses for future growth.

K

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mak3366Author Commented:
The license are on a regular 2000 server not SBS.  Does this make a difference?  Since posting this question I have done some more research and found that it looks like to connect to a lower server ie one that would be older version of software that I would need the newer CAL's.  So with 45 total CAL's for 2000, I am thinking that I do need CAL's for the 2003 SQL Server.  Though also should I change the per server cals on the 2000 server to per user or device?  I am thinking not right know because I have enough CAL's to cover the 24 users.  My understanding for the SQL then would be to set it up per user/device and to determine what connects would be the computers that will connect to it, correct?  Sorry but this licensing has my head spinning....
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