How do I copy the column A data to column B?

Board Table
-------------
ID      ColumnA                 ColumnB
1        Pending
2         Pending
3         Escalated
4          Pending
5         Completed
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Hello. I am using MS-SQL 2005
I need to make few data transfer.
I have a table called Board Table with Column A and B.
Column A data type is nvarchar(20) and Column B is a new column with data type  int.
Also column A has 3 different values that is all mixed in the column(Pending,Escalated,Completed)
I want to make a data copy to ColumnA to ColumnB. If it's Pending, value can 1. If it's Escalated, value can be 2, Completed value can be 3.
How do I make those kind of query.
Thank you
erin027Asked:
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YiogiCommented:
UPDATE [Board Table]
              SET ColumnB = CASE WHEN Ltrim(Rtrim(A)) = 'Pending' THEN 1
                                                  WHEN Ltrim(Rtrim(A)) = 'Escalated' THEN 3
                                       END

Use additional WHEN statements for the remaining of your options.
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Faiga DiegelSr Database EngineerCommented:
UPDATE BoardTable
SET ColumnB = (CASE WHEN ColumnA = 'Pending' THEN 1
                          CASE WHEN ColumnA= 'Escalated' THEN 2
                          CASE WHEN ColumnA = 'Completed' THEN 3 END)
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erin027Author Commented:
Thank you guys.
It worked. One more question
That if I just wanted to copy exactly same data to ColumnB if both column has same datatype?
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YiogiCommented:
UPDATE BoardTable SET ColumnB = ColumnA
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erin027Author Commented:
Thank you
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Faiga DiegelSr Database EngineerCommented:
yes, It should have at least the same data type. Or you would need to convert.

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erin027Author Commented:
Yiogi:
When I copy columnA to columnB with your query:
UPDATE BoardTable SET ColumnB = ColumnA

both column's data got NULL.

Why is that?
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Microsoft SQL Server 2005

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