Is there a faster way to back up and restore postgres databases?

To back up and restore a postgres database I export the db to a sql file and then import it using "psql -f".

That works, but it takes hours to run. Is there a faster way?
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mohammedfConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Step # 1: Login as a pgsql user

Type the following command:
$ su - pgsql
Get list of database(s) to backup:
$ psql -l
Step # 2: Make a backup using pg_dump

Backup database using pg_dump command. pg_dump is a utility for backing up a PostgreSQL database. It dumps only one database at a time. General syntax:
pg_dump databasename > outputfile
Task: dump a payroll database

Type the following command
$ pg_dump payroll > payroll.dump.outTo restore a payroll database:
$ psql -d payroll -f payroll.dump.outOR$ createdb payroll
$ psql payroll However, in real life you need to compress database:$ pg_dump payroll | gzip -c > payroll.dump.out.gzTo restore database use the following command:$ gunzip payroll.dump.out.gz
$ psql -d payroll -f payroll.dump.outHere is a shell script for same task:#!/bin/bash
[ ! $DIR ] && mkdir -p $DIR || :
LIST=$(psql -l | awk '{ print $1}' | grep -vE '^-|^List|^Name|template[0|1]')
for d in $LIST
pg_dump $d | gzip -c > $DIR/$d.out.gz
doneAnother option is use to pg_dumpall command. As a name suggest it dumps (backs up) each database, and preserves cluster-wide data such as users and groups. You can use it as follows:$ pg_dumpall > all.dbs.outOR$ pg_dumpall | gzip -c > all.dbs.out.gzTo restore backup use the following command:
$ psql -f all.dbs.out postgres
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