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Measurements derived from a single table

Posted on 2008-06-10
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Last Modified: 2013-11-16
I have a history table that looks like this:  

hx_id | Visit_id | user_id | Action |  Action_dttm
1000 |  1523    |  1007    |   1       |   2008-06-02 08:00:52
1001 |  1523    |  1007    |   2       |   2008-06-02 08:10:52
1002 |  1523    |  1007    |   3       |   2008-06-02 08:15:52
1003 |  1523    |  1007    |   4       |   2008-06-02 08:30:52
1004 |  1523    |  1007    |   5       |   2008-06-02 08:40:52
1005 |  1523    |  1007    |   6       |   2008-06-02 08:45:52
1006 |  1523    |  1007    |   7       |   2008-06-02 08:50:52
1007 |  1523    |  1007    |   7       |   2008-06-02 08:59:52
1008 |  1523    |  1007    |   8       |   2008-06-02 09:25:52
1009 |  1527    |  1007    |   1       |   2008-06-06 07:30:52
1010 |  1527    |  1007    |   2       |   2008-06-06 07:33:52
1011 |  1527    |  1007    |   3       |   2008-06-06 07:38:52
1012 |  1527    |  1007    |   4       |   2008-06-06 07:42:52
1013 |  1527    |  1007    |   5       |   2008-06-06 08:01:52
1014 |  1527    |  1007    |   6       |   2008-06-06 08:15:52
1015 |  1527    |  1007    |   7       |   2008-06-06 08:50:52
1016 |  1527    |  1007    |   8       |   2008-06-06 08:55:52
1017 |  1541    |  1007    |   1       |   2008-06-09 06:50:52
1018 |  1541    |  1007    |   2       |   2008-06-09 07:03:52
1019 |  1541    |  1007    |   3       |   2008-06-09 07:40:52
1020 |  1541    |  1007    |   4       |   2008-06-09 08:00:52





so for a given visit, I will get a list of actions and the dattime of the actions...

for a givien user I need to pull metrics for each visit  into a table like so:

Visit_id | datetime for action where action = 1| dttm for when action = 2 | dttm for when action = 3 | dttm for when action = 4 |  and so on


 
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Question by:the_b1ackfox
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 21749036
the problem is the "and so on".
unless you have a fixed maximum number of actions, OR want to use 1 field for that output, you cannot do it.
if the number of actions is know and fixed max, check out the PIVOT syntax.
if you want the output in 1 field, you can do so with a user-defined function.
otherwise, you have to do this in the client application code.
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by:the_b1ackfox
ID: 21749089
there are a fixed number of 'and so ons'   ...  I am checking out the pivot syntax now
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by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 21749167
here is the tech reference:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms177410.aspx
tell me if you need help with the syntax.
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by:the_b1ackfox
ID: 21753862
Angellll:  Having been cursed with a puzzle solvers complex, I went to bed last night with this issue in my head.  After having all sorts of weird dreams about putting SQL queries together, I woke up with an idea on how to solve my issue...   I tested it this morning, and it seems to work, although I suspect this query is going to run long and slow.  I am certain that there may be a better way to do this, but let me know what you think:  (and yes, I still have some issues to iron out)

select  distinct pvh.user_id, pvh.visit_id, pvh.action_dttm as [measure 1], q2.action_dttm as [Measure 2] ,
q3.action_dttm as [measure 3], q4.action_dttm as [measure 4], q5.action_dttm as [Measure 5],
q6.action_dttm as [measure 6], q7.action_dttm as [measure 7], q8.action_dttm as [measure 8]
from w_history pvh
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=2) Q2 on q2.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=4) Q3 on q3.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=11) Q4 on q4.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=7) Q5 on q5.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=1) Q6 on q6.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=14) Q7 on q7.visit_id=pvh.visit_id
inner join (select visit_id, action_dttm from w_history where action_typ_cd=15) Q8 on q8.visit_id=pvh.visit_id

where pvh.user_id='456.17368'
and (pvh.action_typ_cd='12')
and pvh.action_dttm=(select max(action_dttm) from  w_history where visit_id=pvh.visit_id and action_typ_cd='12')

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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 500 total points
ID: 21754112
>although I suspect this query is going to run long and slow
yes, indeed.

with "pure" SQL (ie no PIVOT):
select  pvh.user_id
, pvh.visit_id
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=12 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 1]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=2 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 2]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=4 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 3]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=11 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 4]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=7 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 5]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=1 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 6]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=14 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 7]
, MAX(CASE WHEN action_typ_cd=15 THEN pvh.action_dttm END) as [measure 8]
from w_history pvh
where pvh.user_id='456.17368'
and pvh.action_typ_cd in (1,2,4,7,11,12,14,15)
GROUP BY pvh.user_id ,  pvh.visit_id

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