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PHP function parameter call by reference--interesting 'feature'?

Posted on 2008-06-10
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Last Modified: 2013-12-13
Running PHP 5.1 on an Apache 2.2.6 (localhost with appropriate DB permissions) on a windows XP home machine (my laptop). Function foo(in the snippet) is an implementation of an abstract object from a child object. Function get_query_resource() returns a query resource.
The expected result of the attached code snippet, for a resource with five rows, should be

Bar calls foo.
Now in foo.
Query resource rows: 5
Processing query_resource row
Processing query_resource row
Processing query_resource row
Processing query_resource row
Processing query_resource row
Foo completed successfully.

But what I'm actually getting is

Bar calls foo.
Now in foo.
Query resource rows: 5
Foo completed successfully.

The code in the while loop isn't executing.

However, if I don't pass the query resource in bar (ie, if(foo())...) then bar gets the query resource and finishes normally. Why is this?
function foo(&$query_resource=NULL){
      echo "Now in foo<BR>";
      if(is_null($query_resource)) $query_resource = get_query_resource();
      if(!$query_resource) exit("SQL error");
      echo "Query resource rows: ".mysql_num_rows($query_resource);   
      while($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($query_resource)){
           echo "Processing query_resource row<BR>";
      }
      return true;
}
function bar(&$q_r=NULL){
      echo "Bar calls foo.<BR>";
      if(foo($q_r)) echo "Foo completed successfully.<BR>";
}
 
bar();

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Question by:dnatal
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10 Comments
 
LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:hernst42
ID: 21755109
thats because in this case $query_resource === null and thus the result of get_query_resource() is used which might be an unfetched result. If you pass something to bar this resultset might be already read and thus does not contain any more rows.
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Author Comment

by:dnatal
ID: 21755151
Testing shows that the contents of the if(is_null($query_resource)) conditional do not execute--I put an echo in there (something like echo "No resource found; getting resource") and I don't see that on the output.
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Author Comment

by:dnatal
ID: 21755167
How do I determine if the resultset has been read and thus doesn't contain any rows? Wouldn't the mysql_num_rows() return 0?
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LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:Rob Siklos
ID: 21755238
try:

if ($query_resource === FALSE) {
   // error
}
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Author Comment

by:dnatal
ID: 21755268
rob263, how about line 4
if(!$query_resource) exit("SQL error");
since the negation of the boolean false (or, actually, a NULL that should have previously been detected, or a 0), should return true.
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LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:Rob Siklos
ID: 21755277
Yeah, you're right - my comment was premature.
0
 
LVL 9

Expert Comment

by:Rob Siklos
ID: 21755299
after "echo "Query resource rows:...", try putting:

     var_dump(mysql_fetch_assoc($query_resource));

and see what that value is.  It might give you a hint as to why the while loop isn't executing.
0
 
LVL 48

Accepted Solution

by:
hernst42 earned 1500 total points
ID: 21755303
> Wouldn't the mysql_num_rows() return 0?

no it returns the numbers of records in the resultset and not the number of records still readable in the result set.
0
 
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Author Closing Comment

by:dnatal
ID: 31465935
That would do it.
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:dnatal
ID: 21755339
Because I was executing multiple calls to foo() in bar() the first call ate my query and didn't leave anything for the others to process. That'd cause the observed problem.
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