Want to protect your cyber security and still get fast solutions? Ask a secure question today.Go Premium

x
?
Solved

SQL Query Help

Posted on 2008-06-13
3
Medium Priority
?
252 Views
Last Modified: 2010-03-20
Hi,

I have two tables:

People:
PeopleID
Name
E-Mail

Projects:
ProjectID
LeaderID
Participant1ID
Participant2ID
Participant3ID
Participant4ID

All of the fields in the Projects table, except ProjectID, are foreign keys to the PeopleID in the People table. I need to construct a query that will pull the PeopleID, Name, and E-Mail of the Leader and all four Participants, based on a Project ID. Something like this:

SELECT {fields}
FROM People, Projects
WHERE ProjectID = 1234

It's possible (and likely) that some of the ParticipantIDs will be NULL.

What's the best way to construct this query?

I'm using SQL Server 2005, if that makes any difference to the query.

Thanks.
0
Comment
Question by:CMES-IT
3 Comments
 
LVL 28

Accepted Solution

by:
omgang earned 1200 total points
ID: 21783167
Join the People table to the Projects table 5 times on each of the foreign key fields using outer joins

OM Gang
SELECT ProjectID, LeaderID, People.PeopleName AS LeaderName, People.PeopleEmail AS LeaderEmail, Participant1ID, People_1.PeopleName AS Partic1Name, People_1.PeopleEmail AS Partic1Email, Participant2ID, People_2.PeopleName AS Partic2Name, People_2.PeopleEmail AS Partic2Email, Participant3ID, People_3.PeopleName AS Partic3Name, People_3.PeopleEmail AS Partic3Email, Participant4ID, People_4.PeopleName AS Partic4Name, People_4.PeopleEmail AS Partic4Email
FROM People AS People_4 RIGHT JOIN (People AS People_3 RIGHT JOIN (People AS People_2 RIGHT JOIN (People AS People_1 RIGHT JOIN (People RIGHT JOIN Projects ON People.PeopleID = Projects.LeaderID) ON People_1.PeopleID = Projects.Participant1ID) ON People_2.PeopleID = Projects.Participant2ID) ON People_3.PeopleID = Projects.Participant3ID) ON People_4.PeopleID = Projects.Participant4ID;

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 51

Assisted Solution

by:Mark Wills
Mark Wills earned 800 total points
ID: 21789382
Hi, you could try this :

select projectID,
LeaderID,pm.Name,pm.EMail,
Participant1ID,p1.Name,
Participant2ID,p2.Name,
Participant3ID,p3.Name,
Participant4ID,p4.Name

from Projects
inner join people pm on LeaderID = pm.PeopleID
left outer join people p1 on Participant1ID = p1.PeopleID
left outer join people p2 on Participant2ID = p2.PeopleID
left outer join people p3 on Participant3ID = p3.PeopleID
left outer join people p4 on Participant4ID = p4.PeopleID
0
 

Author Comment

by:CMES-IT
ID: 21794852
Thanks guys.

To be honest, I was expecting some sort of difference between these two... but I booted up SQL Server Profiler, and it's showing the same exact number of Reads and the same duration for both queries. The query will be run a lot, so it was important that I made sure I had the best performing query, and I was worried about joining five tables... turns out, it doesn't matter much in this instance. I'm going to give omgang more points for responding right away, but you deserve some points too, mark. Thanks a bunch!
0

Featured Post

What does it mean to be "Always On"?

Is your cloud always on? With an Always On cloud you won't have to worry about downtime for maintenance or software application code updates, ensuring that your bottom line isn't affected.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

PL/SQL can be a very powerful tool for working directly with database tables. Being able to loop will allow you to perform more complex operations, but can be a little tricky to write correctly. This article will provide examples of basic loops alon…
This shares a stored procedure to retrieve permissions for a given user on the current database or across all databases on a server.
With just a little bit of  SQL and VBA, many doors open to cool things like synchronize a list box to display data relevant to other information on a form.  If you have never written code or looked at an SQL statement before, no problem! ...  give i…
The Relationships Diagram is a good way to get an overall view of what a database is keeping track of. It is also where relationships are defined. A relationship specifies how two tables connect to each other. As you build tables in Microsoft Ac…
Suggested Courses

580 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question