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Maximum length of encoded 20-character string

I am using DESCryptoServiceProvider to encrypt strings of various length. The key I'm using is a byte[8] and the iv is a byte[8].
I am wondering what the maximum length of a 20-character string encrypted this way would be?
Or in other words, is there some function that would say what the maximum length of the encryptred string would be for a given string length?

Also, would it be the same if I used DESX instead?

1 Solution
Dave HoweSoftware and Hardware EngineerCommented:
ok. you need to include the iv (at one block, or eight bytes), and one eight byte data block per eight bytes of data. 20 is not a multiple of 8, so the next biggest multiple would be 24, giving you 24+8 or 32 bytes. overhead is the 8 byte iv, plus rounding your date up to the next multiple of 8. This will be binary data (regardless of how it started) so you may need to further expand that (using bin64 or similar) if you need it 7 bit clean for email purposes.

desx is xor (key1, des (key 2, xor (key 3, data ) ) )  and has the same block size as straight des - so no further data will be needed. the same is true of 3DES.
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