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c++  making sure string is correct

Posted on 2008-06-16
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
I have a input variable string called LName.
It is exactly 15 characters long.
I need to make sure that users don't put in anything other then characters, hypens, apostrophes as it will mess up my code.

Thanks for any help.
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Question by:TechMonster
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by:Infinity08
ID: 21791510
What are the acceptable characters ?
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Infinity08 earned 250 total points
ID: 21791525
You could use strspn for example :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/clibrary/cstring/strspn.html
std::string str;              // <--- the string that needs to be checked
std::string charset;          // <--- all acceptable characters
if (strspn(str.c_str(), charset.c_str()) == str.length()) {
  // OK
}
else {
  // NOT OK
}

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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 21791530
Or strcspn if you want the inverse (ie. you have a list of unacceptable characters) :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/clibrary/cstring/strcspn.html
std::string str;              // <--- the string that needs to be checked
std::string exclude;          // <--- all UNacceptable characters
if (strcspn(str.c_str(), exclude.c_str()) == str.length()) {
  // OK
}
else {
  // NOT OK
}

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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 21791543
Or if you can use any of the standard ctype functions :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/clibrary/cctype/

like for example isprint (which returns true if the character is printable - ie. no control character) ...
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Expert Comment

by:evilrix
ID: 21791549
You can use find_first_of and find_first_not_of std::string members to include or exclude specific chars from a string. You search for what you do or don't want included and take appropriate action if something is found.

http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/string/string/find_first_of.html
http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/string/string/find_first_not_of.html

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Author Comment

by:TechMonster
ID: 21791550
is the strcspn case sensitive?
Or will I have to list out all upper case and lower case
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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 21791556
Or use the C++ standard algorithms, like find_first_of for example :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/algorithm/find_first_of.html
std::string str;              // <--- the string that needs to be checked
std::string exclude;          // <--- all UNacceptable characters
std::string::iterator it = find_first_of(str.begin(), str.end(), exclude.begin(), exclude.end());
if (it == str.end()) {
  // OK
}
else {
  // NOT OK
}

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Expert Comment

by:Infinity08
ID: 21791562
or ... do you want me to keep going ? ;)


>> is the strcspn case sensitive?
>> Or will I have to list out all upper case and lower case

You will have to list them all. But as I said, if you just want to check for alphabetic characters, take a look at isalpha :

        http://www.cplusplus.com/reference/clibrary/cctype/isalpha.html
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Author Comment

by:TechMonster
ID: 21791570
wow..thanks.. I 'll give your suggestions a try.
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