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retrieving data from a database smallint column that may be null

Posted on 2008-06-17
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Last Modified: 2012-08-13
Hi

I don't program in c# so i hope you might be able to help me on this.

I need to retrieve data from a databse which is contained in a datareader. One of the columns in the reader, call it index 0, is of type smallint and it might have a value of null. what type of variable do i need to store this? Perhaps its nullable of int but i don't know how to use one of these in c#. Also how do i check the column value is not null before i retrieve it from the reader using something like myvar = reader.getInt16(0)

thanks a lot
andrea
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Question by:andieje
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5 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
crisco96 earned 500 total points
ID: 21804152
Null from a database is different from the .Net null.

Null from a database will actual be System.Data.DBNull.

If you want to save the value from the reader to a variable do the following:
int? Value;
 
if(Reader[0] == System.Data.DBNull)
{
   Value = null;
}
else
{
   Value = Convert.ToInt32(Reader[0]);
}

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0
 

Author Comment

by:andieje
ID: 21804394
hi, i tried that and got this error

Invalid attempt to read from column ordinal '4'.  With CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess, you may only read from column ordinal '5' or greater.
  if (reader[4] != DBNull.Value)
                            {
                               
                                subcontractorID = Convert.ToInt16(reader[4]);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                subcontractorID = null;
                            }
                         
0
 

Author Comment

by:andieje
ID: 21804457
I CHANGED IT to this
   if (reader["subcontractorID"] != DBNull.Value)
                            {
                               
                                subcontractorID = Convert.ToInt16(reader[4]);
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                subcontractorID = null;
                            }
                         

thanks
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:andieje
ID: 31467992
thanks
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Hendo1973
ID: 21804474
You could use Nullable types which would allow value types to have a null value assigned to them.
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