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Pass Chinese Characters into Dynamic SQL Stored Procedure

Posted on 2008-06-17
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Last Modified: 2008-06-18
I'm using dynamic sql to execute an update statement via a stored procedure.  I have my exec statement set to NVarChar(4000).  I have my input parameters for the fields that need to be foreign characters set to NVarChar().  I have my DB datatypes set to NVarChar for those columns.  Yet when i pass in chinese characters they end up as ????????? in my DB.

I DO NOT have the same issue with my Insert stored procedure which is not dynamic.  That inserts the foreign characters just fine.

I've attached my code.  I really really want to get this to work as dynamic sql.  
ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[UpdateMember] 
	(
	--input parameters
	@MemberID int,
	@MemberNumber varchar(50),
    @Hotel varchar(50),
	@FirstName nvarchar(255),
	@LastName  nvarchar(255),
	@DateofBirth  DateTime,
	@Spouse  varchar(100),
	@NoOfChildren  char(2),
	@Address1  nvarchar(255),
	@Address2  nvarchar(255),
	@City  nvarchar(255),
	@State  nvarchar(255),
	@Country  nvarchar(255),
	@Zip  nvarchar(255),
	@HomePhone  varchar(12),
	@AlternatePhone  varchar(12),
	@Fax  char(10),
	@Email  varchar(50),
	@Pwd  varchar(50),
	@LanguageCode varchar(20) = 'EN',
	@MemberTypeCode varchar(50) = 'CL'
	)
AS
 
 
 
 
	/* SET NOCOUNT ON */ 
 
-------------------------------------------------------------
-- this has to be NVarChar to support foreign characters
-------------------------------------------------------------
Declare @SQL NVarChar(4000)
Set @SQL = '
	update	dbo.Members
	set		FirstName = upper( ''' + @FirstName + '''),
			MemberNumber = ''' + @MemberNumber + ''',
			hotel= ''' + @hotel + ''',
			LastName = upper( ''' + @LastName + '''),
			DateOfBirth = ''' + Convert(Varchar(100),@DateOfBirth) + ''',
			Spouse = upper(''' + @Spouse + '''),
			NoOfChildren = ''' + @NoOfChildren + ''',
			Address1 = upper(''' + @Address1 + '''),
			Address2 = upper(''' + @Address2 + '''),
			City = upper(''' + @City + '''),
			State = upper(''' + @State + '''),
			Country = upper(''' + @Country + '''),
			Zip = ''' + @Zip + ''',
			HomePhone = ''' + @HomePhone + ''',
			AlternatePhone = ''' + @AlternatePhone + ''',
			Fax = ''' + @Fax + ''',
			Email = ''' + @Email + ''',
			Pwd = ''' + @Pwd +''',
			LanguageTypeID = (Select LanguageTypeID from dbo.LanguageTypes where Code = ''' + @LanguageCode + '''),
			MemberTypeID = (Select MemberTypeID from dbo.MemberTypes where Code =''' + @MemberTypeCode + ''') '
 
	If @MemberID <> 0
	Begin
		Set @SQL = @SQL + '	where MemberID = ' + Convert(varchar(100),@MemberID)
	End
	Else
	Begin
		Set @SQL = @SQL + '	where MemberNumber = ''' + @MemberNumber + ''' '
	End
 
EXEC (@SQL)

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Question by:davidcahan
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:rob_farley
ID: 21809853
A Unicode string should be specified with N before the string, like this:

SET @SQL = N'This is Unicode'

SET @SQL = 'This is NOT Unicde'

Even though @SQL is declared as Unicode, it will be doing all the concatenation without Unicode, and then converting it at the end. Try putting N in front of all your strings (like in the above example) to see if that solves it.

Rob
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LVL 15

Accepted Solution

by:
rob_farley earned 2000 total points
ID: 21809876
But... please don't use this method for dynamic SQL. If someone with an apostrophe in their name logs in, they could hurt your system badly.

Search online for SQL Injection and you'll see plenty of information. You could easily fix it just by using sp_executesql with parameters.

Rob
0
 

Author Comment

by:davidcahan
ID: 21810214
it worked absolutely PERFECTLY once i used sp_executesql.  even though the syntax is a bit more verbose, in many ways it's a bunch easier.  no more having ot remember to use two or three sets of single apostrophes.  

I'm wondering though: normally when i create dynamic sql, i ofthen use the print statement to debug the sql.  I will pass in all the values for the parameters but instead of execute i do print.  then i copy and paste that into a new query window and debug from there.  how would i accomplish that sort of debugging using sp_executesql?  
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:rob_farley
ID: 21810442
Glad to help. Is this marked as answered now then?
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