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catching and handling SQL deadlocks from vb.net

Posted on 2008-06-18
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Last Modified: 2013-11-26
I'm using vb.net 2005 and SQL 2005. Very occasionally I am getting a SQL deadlock - "Transaction (Process ID 258) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction."

- how do I check for the deadlock exception in my catch block?
- I am handling the transaction from .NET so I do a trans.commit or trans.rollback. However, in some situations SQL does the rollback itself - in deadlock situations for example. How can I check that my transaction is still 'active' before I attempt to rollback?


Try

            cn.startUPConnection()

            Using tran As SqlTransaction = 						cn.appConnection.BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted)	

                Try

                    

                    If objtransMasterList.IsDirty Then

                        Dim objTransMaster As SQLTransMaster

                        For Each objTransMaster In objtransMasterList

                            If objTransMaster.IsNew Then

                                Dim cmd As New SqlCommand

                                cmd.CommandText = SQLInsertStoredProc

                                cmd.Connection = cn.appConnection

                                cmd.Transaction = tran

                                cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure

                                saveTransMasterParamsFromObj(cmd, CMDTYPES.INSERT, objTransMaster)

      

                                cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()

                            End If

                        Next

                    End If

                    tran.Commit()

                Catch a As Exception

                    tran.Rollback()

                    success = False

                    objSQLErrorList.processError(a)

                    unLockIt()

                    GoTo finally_Renamed

                End Try

            End Using
 

        Catch b As Exception

            success = False

            objSQLErrorList.processError(b)

            unLockIt()

        Finally

            If Not cn.appConnection Is Nothing Then

                If cn.appConnection.State <> ConnectionState.Closed Then cn.CloseConnection()

            End If

        End Try

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Question by:darrenwright
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3 Comments
 
LVL 7

Expert Comment

by:Chrisedebo
ID: 21813055
Where did you see ""Transaction (Process ID 258) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction.""?

was that in the event log? or can you see this in the exception thrown?
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Author Comment

by:darrenwright
ID: 21813290
in my catch block I process the error via objSQLErrorList.processError which writes the error to a log file.
of my two part question, I now think I've sorted the first one - I'm just testing it now. I've changed so I catch the sqlexception and check for number 1205. What I need to work out now is second part of question. How can I check whether I need to do a trans.rollback or whether it's already been rolled back by SQL?  

Catch sqlEx As SqlException
    success = False
     If sqlEx.Number = 1205 Then 'deadlock
              mustRetry = True
               retryCount = retryCount + 1S
      End If
                       
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Accepted Solution

by:
Chrisedebo earned 500 total points
ID: 21813345
Is the tran.rollback() throwing an exception when there is nothing to roll back? if thats the case, put it inside a try/catch block and ignore the error. If there's nothing to rollback (ie the trans.commit executed sucessfully or sql server rolls back automatically like for deadlocks) then it won't roll anything back.
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