Read last 3 line in text file

Posted on 2008-06-19
Last Modified: 2008-06-20
I want to read the last 3 line in a text file. I can open and read it line by line and all, but not sure how to read the last 3 line, please. Thank you
Question by:VBdotnet2005
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 21826936
Approximately how many line are in the file?
...and what version VB?

Expert Comment

ID: 21827549
Start by assigning each line into an Array  .. arrays by default are numbered.

assign it to a variable.

a = a + 1
readline(0)  =  Welcome
readline(1)  =  to
readline(2)  =  Mars
readline(3)  =  Earthling
a = 3
- readline(a-2)) readline(a-1)) readline(a))

There's an example...


Author Comment

ID: 21827717
Approximately how many line are in the file?  > many  - this a process that keep append to this file
...and what version VB?                                  > VB9
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 21827751
You could try something like this:
        Dim lines() As String
        lines = My.Computer.FileSystem.ReadAllText("c:\someFile.txt").Split(vbCrLf.ToCharArray, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)
        If lines.Length >= 2 Then
            Debug.Print("3rd to Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 3))
            Debug.Print("2nd to Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 2))
            Debug.Print("       Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 1))
        End If

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Author Comment

ID: 21828610
Could you explain a little bit ? This is the first time I have seen "My.Computer..."

lines = My.Computer.FileSystem.ReadAllText("c:\someFile.txt").Split(vbCrLf.ToCharArray, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries)

Author Comment

ID: 21828627
All gives me line number only... ?

            Debug.Print("3rd to Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 3))
            Debug.Print("2nd to Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 2))
            Debug.Print("       Last: " & lines(lines.Length - 1))
LVL 86

Accepted Solution

Mike Tomlinson earned 125 total points
ID: 21828671
The "My.XXX.YYY" functions were introduced in VB.Net 2005.  They are "convenience" functions which make it easy to accomplish many common tasks.
See "Development with My":
ReadAllText() returns the ENTIRE file as ONE String.
I then call Split() on it, using vbCrLF as the delimiter.
    (The RemoveEmptyEntries flag gets rid of the blank lines caused by changing vbCrLf to a Character Array.)
The result is an Array of String in "lines" with each element representing each line in the file.
So index 0 (zero) is the first line.
Index 1 is the second line.
Index 2 is the third line. etc...
To get the last three lines we using ".Length - X" where X = 3,2,1

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