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Process monitor ps output format

Posted on 2008-06-22
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Last Modified: 2013-12-16
"ps auxw" lists too many fields and in an order I do not need/like.
So, I use "ps -ewo user,pid,nice,pcpu,pmem,time,start,cmd"
which works fine except that start time is in an impractical format e.g. "11:03:06" or "Jun 16" The problem with this is that I get one or two words which makes difficult to pass ps output to a script. "ps auxw" start time format is good e.g. "11:03" or "Jun06". How do I use "ps -ewo" to output a compact start time format like "ps auxw"?

Vinod
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Question by:vinod
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9 Comments
 
LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:Jan Springer
ID: 21841529
I would say that when you hit sixth field, perform a check as to whether the first character is alpha or numeric.  If alpha, the script would read the next field as part of the date/time.
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Author Comment

by:vinod
ID: 21841607
Smart idea! I will do it if there is no alternative. But, it is not that ps does not know how to print compact time format. It does when I do "ps auxw"
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:Jan Springer
ID: 21841678
When I do both commands on my linux machine, if the date of the process is today, I will see the format of 00:00:00 and if the date is not today, I will see MMM DD.

It's an issue as to whether the process has today's date or is from a previous date (much like an "ls -l" will show if the file is from the current year vs previous year).
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Author Comment

by:vinod
ID: 21842147
Strange, ps auxw gives me MMMDD, not MMM DD, I want MMMDD for ps -ewo too.
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:Jan Springer
ID: 21842186
My bad.  Yes, it's MMMDD.  I think you may still be stuck parsing the characters to determine whether to grab the following field for the date or not.
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Author Comment

by:vinod
ID: 21856005
Since ps is able to print start date/time in compact format as in ps auxw, I don't see any reason it is unable to do the same for ps -ewo. I am willing to use other variations of ps as long as I can choose fields, one word/field and their order. I can't believe that authors of ps would print non-determinable number of words only to frustrate script writers.

Any taker at 200 points?
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LVL 29

Accepted Solution

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Jan Springer earned 800 total points
ID: 21856090
Your only other option is to use auxw, read in all fields and ignore the fields that you aren't interested in if you can do without the nice field.  It's a quick perl script.
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