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Conversion of Microsoft DATE to int day, int month, int year?

Posted on 2008-06-24
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2008-06-24
Any system or free code to convert the DATE value to the integer values representing the day, month, year?

Hi experts,

I need to convert the Microsoft data type DATE (typedef double, if I am not mistaken) to the integer values. So far I have found the code by Victor Vogelpoel http://www.codeproject.com/KB/datetime/exceldmy.aspx. Is there any "more official" code by Microsoft or any other proven code?

The value was read from a MS Access database using Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0 + ADO Recordset, thus getting the VARIANT value of the VT_DATE (the _variant_t v variable inside C++ source, v.date value).

    Excel serial date to Day, Month, Year and vise versa
    By Victor Vogelpoel http://www.codeproject.com/KB/datetime/exceldmy.aspx
void ExcelSerialDateToDMY(DATE SerialDate, int &nDay, 
                          int &nMonth, int &nYear)
    int nSerialDate = static_cast<int>(SerialDate);
    // Excel/Lotus 123 have a bug with 29-02-1900. 1900 is not a
    // leap year, but Excel/Lotus 123 think it is...
    if (nSerialDate == 60)
        nDay    = 29;
        nMonth    = 2;
        nYear    = 1900;
    else if (nSerialDate < 60)
        // Because of the 29-02-1900 bug, any serial date 
        // under 60 is one off... Compensate.
    // Modified Julian to DMY calculation with an addition of 2415019
    int l = nSerialDate + 68569 + 2415019;
    int n = int(( 4 * l ) / 146097);
            l = l - int(( 146097 * n + 3 ) / 4);
    int i = int(( 4000 * ( l + 1 ) ) / 1461001);
        l = l - int(( 1461 * i ) / 4) + 31;
    int j = int(( 80 * l ) / 2447);
     nDay = l - int(( 2447 * j ) / 80);
        l = int(j / 11);
        nMonth = j + 2 - ( 12 * l );
    nYear = 100 * ( n - 49 ) + i + l;

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Question by:pepr
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LVL 31

Accepted Solution

Zoppo earned 2000 total points
ID: 21853532
Hi pepr,

there's a function VariantTimeToSystemTime - as arguments it has a double value represanting the DATA and a pointer to an SYSTEMTIME instance which get's filled - the SYSTEMTIME structure has members for year, month, day a.s.o.

Hope that helps,

LVL 31

Expert Comment

ID: 21853543
You could even use the COleDateTime class if you use MFC. This encapsulates calls to VariantTimeToSystemTime ...
LVL 29

Author Comment

ID: 21854128
Yes, this is what I have searched for (VariantTimeToSystemTime -- http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms221440(VS.80).aspx).



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