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VB .NET: Binding custom IList to GridView

Posted on 2008-06-25
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Last Modified: 2013-11-07
When I started playing with this earlier today it looked like such a simple thing. Except I still can't get it to work. There's a lot of information around about doing this, I seem to find the bits which are either in C# or I just hear a whooshing sound as things go over my head (the latter being preceded by a glazed expression).

Ah well... hopefully I'm just missing something or my syntax is wrong.

I have an IList defined like this:

Public ListOfStuff As New List(Of BitsOfStuff)

BitsOfStuff is a Structure defined like this:

Public Structure BitsOfStuff
        Dim GreenStuff As String
        Dim BlueStuff As String
End Structure

In my sample code there are two members in BitsOfStuff. I can evaluate and display them if I use traditional looping type statements.

I was vaguely (very vaguely) under the impression I could bind that IList to a GridView control with:

SomeGridView.DataSource = ListOfStuff
SomeGridView.DataBind()

It doesn't complain at me, but I can't get it to display anything.

So far I've tried:

<asp:BoundField DataField="GreenStuff" HeaderText="Green Stuff" />

But it tells me GreenStuff doesn't exist.

I've also tried (and completely failed) to use a number of different statements within a TemplateField.

<asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Blue Stuff">
    <ItemTemplate>
        <%# DataBinder.Eval(BitsOfStuff, "DataItem.BlueStuff") %>
    </ItemTemplate>
</asp:TemplateField>

Is it something really simple? Or am I just doing it completely wrong?

Thank you in advance.

Chris
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Question by:Chris Dent
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Accepted Solution

by:
NazoUK earned 500 total points
ID: 21869643
In order to be bindable to something like a gridview, an object must implement the Ienumerable interface.

Probably the easiest way to do this would be by using an objectdatasource control which will automatically wrap your object as an Ienumerable if it doesn't natively support it. I had a play about and got a gridview to display your structure correctly. See code snippet for what I did.
BitsOfStuff.vb:
 

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Imports System.Collections.Generic
 

Public Structure BitsOfStuff

    Private _GreenStuff As String

    Private _BlueStuff As String
 

    Public Property GreenStuff()

        Get

            Return _GreenStuff

        End Get

        Set(ByVal value)

            _GreenStuff = value

        End Set

    End Property
 

    Public Property BlueStuff()

        Get

            Return _GreenStuff

        End Get

        Set(ByVal value)

            _GreenStuff = value

        End Set

    End Property
 

    Public Function getStuff() As List(Of BitsOfStuff)

        Dim ListOfStuff As New List(Of BitsOfStuff)

        For i As Integer = 1 To 10

            Dim Bit As New BitsOfStuff

            Bit.BlueStuff = "Blue" & i

            Bit.GreenStuff = "Green" & i

            ListOfStuff.Add(Bit)

        Next

        Return ListOfStuff

    End Function

End Structure
 

default.aspx:
 

<asp:GridView runat="server" ID="SomeGridView" DataSourceID="ods" AutoGenerateColumns="false">

        <Columns>

            <asp:BoundField DataField="GreenStuff" />

        </Columns>

        </asp:GridView>

        <asp:ObjectDataSource runat="server" ID="ods" TypeName="BitsOfStuff" SelectMethod="getStuff" />

       

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Expert Comment

by:NazoUK
ID: 21869735
Whoops, my apologies, ignore all that, lists do implement IEnumerable. I think the problem is that the values must be implemented as properties rather than just public variables.

I created a list of the structure in the code snippet above and assigned it as the gridview's datasource and it worked fine. When I changed the properties back to be public variables it didn't work.
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LVL 70

Author Comment

by:Chris Dent
ID: 21873012

Ahh that's a good start to the day. It works perfectly now, thank you very much :-D

Chris
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LVL 70

Author Closing Comment

by:Chris Dent
ID: 31470626
Exactly what I needed :) Thank you.

Chris
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