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Update using CSV in a vachar

Posted on 2008-09-29
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Last Modified: 2013-12-18
Hi all,

I have a stored procedure that accepts comma separated value in varchar2 variable. I basically want to update all of the records that this csv value holds so for example something like this...

Is this possible? or my only option is to loop through each csv value and then update each at a time? When I try below code out in a stored procedure I get a
ORA-01722: invalid number error.

PROCEDURE QueueStudies
(
      csv_rids      IN Varchar2            -- Comma separated RID Values
)
AS
BEGIN    
       UPDATE sometable
      SET col5 = 'NO',
      col4 = '',
      col3 = 'NO',
      col2 = '',
      col1 = 'YES'
      where rid in (csv_rids);
END QueueStudies;
0
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Question by:darshita00
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6 Comments
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:sventhan
ID: 22597486
darshita -
Try string to table fn as described in the link
http://www.oracle.com/technology/oramag/oracle/07-mar/o27asktom.html 
0
 
LVL 74

Accepted Solution

by:
sdstuber earned 150 total points
ID: 22597491
the problem is an "in" clause isn't a string.

so
you query is effectively this...

if csv_rids is '1,2,3,4'

 UPDATE sometable
      SET col5 = 'NO',
      col4 = '',
      col3 = 'NO',
      col2 = '',
      col1 = 'YES'
      where rid in ('1,2,3,4');   -- in clause on 1 string

which is NOT the same as


UPDATE sometable
      SET col5 = 'NO',
      col4 = '',
      col3 = 'NO',
      col2 = '',
      col1 = 'YES'
      where rid in (1,2,3,4);  -- in clause on 4 numbers

0
 
LVL 74

Expert Comment

by:sdstuber
ID: 22597498
and, yes, you need the str2tbl function as indicated above
0
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:johnsone
ID: 22597523
You would either have to loop through the values or use execute immediate (see example).

Are these numeric keys?  If so, this method should work.  If they are anything other than numeric keys, you need to make sure that the comma separated list has the proper quotation marks.
PROCEDURE QueueStudies
(
      csv_rids      IN Varchar2            -- Comma separated RID Values
)
AS
BEGIN    
      EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'UPDATE sometable SET col5 = ''NO'', col4 = null, col3 = ''NO'', col2 = NULL, col1 = ''YES'' where rid in (' || csv_rids || ')';
END QueueStudies;

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 27

Expert Comment

by:sujith80
ID: 22597579
How frequently do you execute the code?
If it is an "occasionally" executed program, you may try to use dynamic sql.
(bit of a mess with the single quotes, but will do)
PROCEDURE QueueStudies
(
      csv_rids      IN Varchar2            -- Comma separated RID Values
)
AS
BEGIN     
 execute immediate 	
 	'UPDATE sometable '||
 	'SET col5 = ''NO'' , '||
      	'col4 = null , '||
      	'col3 = ''NO'' , '||
      	'col2 = null , '||
      	'col1 = ''YES'' ||
      	'where rid in ('||csv_rids||')';
END QueueStudies;

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 74

Expert Comment

by:sdstuber
ID: 22598019
I think a split is in order, or give sventhan all of the points.

I explained what the problem was but sventhan pointed you to a solution (actually several of them)

The other posts could work too, but I don't recommend those.
0

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